Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania (United Republic of)
  • Thailand
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Albania Rank Value
Pre-University Education 62 58.0
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 72 51.6
Enrolment 79 40.8
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 20 54.4
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 60 43.5
Out-of-school children (%) 103 24.4
Completion 55 74.4
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 14 84.5
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 48 44.1
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 40 94.7
Outcomes 60 39.7
Assessment of 15-year-old students 52 39.7
Assessment of 8th Grade students N/A N/A
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 41 67.7
Expenditure on Education 84 40.4
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) N/A N/A
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 109 9.9
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) 70 70.9
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 24 71.8
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 27 56.5
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) 37 87.2
School Environment 70 81.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 63 83.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 52 80.3
Trained teachers, primary (%) N/A N/A
Trained teachers, secondary (%) N/A N/A
Albania Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 64 52.1
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 55 53.0
Continuous Training 99 41.4
Extent of staff training 69 47.2
Availability of specialized training services 89 50.2
Firms offering formal training (%) 64 26.9
Educational Structure 40 60.7
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education N/A N/A
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 73 13.9
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) 1 100.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) 55 68.1
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 94 50.8
Qualifications of the Human Capital 102 40.3
Poor work ethic in the labour force 84 71.6
Availability of skilled employees 89 45.0
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 56 4.4
Structure of the Labor Market 36 75.3
Restrictive labour regulations 1 100.0
Labour freedom 98 50.7
Albania Rank Value
Higher Education 92 32.1
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 50 45.9
Expenditure 90 14.4
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 80 24.1
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 92 4.6
Enrolment 17 51.7
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 59 50.1
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 16 74.3
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 34 30.5
Human Resources 58 68.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 91 59.2
Researchers in Higher education (%) 29 78.0
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 104 22.2
Graduation 66 34.3
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 51 44.5
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 44 25.5
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 61 32.8
Employment After Graduation 110 27.7
Labour force with advanced education (%) 71 28.7
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 112 26.7
Quality of Universities 87 20.2
University-industry collaboration in R&D 67 40.5
Number of globally-ranked universities 82 0.0
Competency of Students 100 4.0
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) 82 0.0
Inbound mobility rate (%) 76 8.0

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
Albania Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 119 13.8
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 125 7.6
Research and Development Inputs 118 7.0
GERD (% of GDP) 94 2.1
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 93 5.6
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 67 6.5
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 71 18.7
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 114 6.4
Research and Development Outputs 125 8.2
Average documents per researcher 102 3.6
Citations per document 106 20.4
Citable documents H index 117 2.8
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) N/A N/A
Quality of scientific research institutions 111 30.7
PCT patents applications (per million inhabitants) 72 0.3
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 91 19.3
Inputs of Innovation in Production 78 27.1
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) N/A N/A
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) 80 4.2
Researchers (HC) in Business enterprise (%) N/A N/A
FDI and technology transfer 34 65.3
Outputs of Innovation in Production 81 14.1
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 62 4.5
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 112 0.0
Production process sophistication 58 49.7
Extent of marketing 32 64.2
SOCIAL INNOVATION 84 26.9
Inputs of Social Innovation 75 26.7
Ease of protecting minority investors 19 71.7
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals N/A N/A
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 98 13.7
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 78 10.2
New business density 64 6.3
Outputs of Social Innovation 87 27.0
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 71 13.7
National feature films produced (per million inhabitants) 52 14.5
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) N/A N/A
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 73 66.6
Albania Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 78 47.2
ICT INPUTS 70 61.4
Infrastructure 59 49.6
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 39 98.9
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 65 47.8
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 69 2.0
Sector Competitiveness 80 73.2
ICT Price Basket 91 92.3
Internet and telephony level of competition 76 92.3
Laws relating to ICTs 106 35.0
ICT OUTPUTS 80 41.1
Subscriptions 87 24.1
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 86 12.8
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 89 33.4
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 74 17.8
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 77 32.3
Usage by Individuals 60 66.6
Internet users (%) 55 65.9
Use of virtual social networks 49 79.9
Business-to-consumer Internet use 76 53.9
Usage by Government and Institutions 82 45.7
Firm-level technology absorption 72 56.4
Government Online Service Index 65 59.4
Government success in ICT promotion 91 43.7
Unlicensed software installation rates 72 23.3
Impact on Development 92 32.1
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 82 2.0
Impact of ICTs on business models 112 45.0
Social impacts of ICT 74 49.3
Albania Rank Value
Economy 87 40.7
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 70 50.4
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 86 57.8
Ease of starting a business 38 91.7
Ease of enforcing a contract 89 53.7
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 28 52.5
Logistics Performance Index 107 31.0
Intensity of local competition 98 62.1
Availability of latest technologies 87 56.0
Competitiveness Drivers 53 43.1
Business impact of rules on FDI 23 72.4
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 14 70.8
Global Entrepreneurship Index 74 23.0
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 58 24.5
Venture capital availability 99 24.7
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 86 29.2
Creative Economy 87 20.5
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 89 1.4
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 28 23.5
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 93 36.7
Trade 70 38.0
Trade (% of GDP) 71 20.2
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 70 55.7
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 95 32.8
Financing and Taxes 56 45.5
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 61 62.9
Soundness of banks 53 71.0
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 89 12.9
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 39 35.2
Domestic Value-added 112 20.0
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 83 26.5
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 111 13.5

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value