Knowledge 4 All | Albania | Country Profile

Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

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2017
2018

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

0

Population

0

HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Albania Rank Value
Pre-University Education 62 58.0
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 72 51.6
Enrolment 79 40.8
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 109 54.4
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 67 43.5
Out-of-school children (%) 7 24.4
Completion 55 74.4
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 92 84.5
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 45 44.1
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 80 94.7
Outcomes 60 39.7
Assessment of 15-year-old students 17 39.7
Assessment of 8th Grade students N/A N/A
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 41 67.7
Expenditure on Education 84 40.4
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) N/A N/A
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 9 9.9
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) 38 70.9
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 24 71.8
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 96 56.5
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) 40 87.2
School Environment 70 81.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 63 83.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 64 80.3
Trained teachers, primary (%) N/A N/A
Trained teachers, secondary (%) N/A N/A
Albania Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 64 52.1
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 55 53.0
Continuous Training 99 41.4
Extent of staff training 61 47.2
Availability of research and training services 41 50.2
Firms offering formal training (%) 30 26.9
Educational Structure 40 60.7
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education N/A N/A
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 51 13.9
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary 79 100.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) 26 68.1
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 94 50.8
Qualifications of the Human Capital 102 40.3
Poor work ethic in the labour force 45 71.6
Ease of finding skilled employees 31 45.0
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 43 4.4
Structure of the Labor Market 36 75.3
Restrictive labour regulations 126 100.0
Labour freedom 34 50.7
Albania Rank Value
Higher Education 92 32.1
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 50 45.9
Expenditure 90 14.4
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 40 24.1
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 20 4.6
Enrolment 17 51.7
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 90 74.3
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 82 30.5
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 46 50.1
Human Resources 58 68.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 27 59.2
Researchers in higher education (%) 80 78.0
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 104 22.2
Graduation 66 34.3
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 46 44.5
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 53 25.5
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 42 32.8
Employment After Graduation 110 27.7
Labour force with advanced education (%) 49 28.7
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 4 26.7
Quality of Universities 87 20.2
University-industry collaboration in R&D 63 40.5
Globally-ranked universities N/A N/A
Competency of Students 100 4.0
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) N/A N/A
Inbound mobility rate (%) 36 8.0

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
Albania Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 119 13.8
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 125 7.6
Research and Development Inputs 118 7.0
GERD (% of GDP) 13 2.1
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 9 5.6
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 43 6.5
Graduates from ICT, science and engineering programmes, tertiary 27 18.7
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 11 6.4
Research and Development Outputs 125 8.2
Average documents per researcher 8 3.6
Citations per document 24 20.4
Citable documents H index 14 2.8
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) N/A N/A
Quality of research institutions 19 30.7
Patent applications (per million inhabitants) 40 0.3
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 91 19.3
Inputs of Innovation in Production 78 27.1
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) N/A N/A
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) 13 4.2
Researchers (HC) in business enterprise (%) N/A N/A
FDI and technology transfer 96 65.3
Outputs of Innovation in Production 81 14.1
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 58 4.5
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 1 0.0
Production process sophistication 72 49.7
Extent of marketing 98 64.2
SOCIAL INNOVATION 84 26.9
Inputs of Social Innovation 75 26.7
Ease of protecting minority investors 112 71.7
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals N/A N/A
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 32 13.7
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 36 10.2
New business density 36 6.3
Outputs of Social Innovation 87 27.0
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 52 13.7
National feature films produced (per million inhabitant) 52 14.5
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) N/A N/A
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 55 66.6
Albania Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 78 47.2
ICT INPUTS 70 61.4
Infrastructure 59 49.6
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 82 98.9
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 66 47.8
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 62 2.0
Sector Competitiveness 80 73.2
ICT Price Basket 36 92.3
Internet and telephony level of competition 52 92.3
Laws relating to ICTs 24 35.0
ICT OUTPUTS 80 41.1
Subscriptions 87 24.1
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 45 12.8
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 42 33.4
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 57 17.8
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 54 32.3
Usage by Individuals 60 66.6
Internet users (%) 76 65.9
Use of virtual social networks 81 79.9
Business-to-consumer Internet use 52 53.9
Usage by Government and Institutions 82 45.7
Firm-level technology absorption 58 56.4
Government Online Service Index 66 59.4
Government success in ICT promotion 37 43.7
Unlicensed software installation rates 26 23.3
Impact on Development 92 32.1
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 16 2.0
Impact of ICTs on business models 18 45.0
Social impacts of ICT 56 49.3
Albania Rank Value
Economy 87 40.7
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 70 50.4
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 86 57.8
Ease of starting a business 94 91.7
Ease of enforcing a contract 43 53.7
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 101 52.5
Logistics Performance Index 21 31.0
Intensity of local competition 32 62.1
Availability of latest technologies 43 56.0
Competitiveness Drivers 53 43.1
Business impact of rules on FDI 107 72.4
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 116 70.8
Global Entrepreneurship Index 44 23.0
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 64 24.5
Venture capital availability 31 24.7
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 86 29.2
Creative Economy 87 20.5
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 31 1.4
Creative services exports (% of total trade in services) 84 23.5
Creative goods exports (% of total trade in goods) 36 36.7
Trade 70 38.0
Trade (% of GDP) 60 20.2
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 60 55.7
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 95 32.8
Financing and Taxes 56 45.5
Total tax and contribution rate (% of profit) 70 62.9
Soundness of banks 77 71.0
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 41 12.9
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 90 35.2
Domestic Value-added 112 20.0
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 47 26.5
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 13 13.5

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value