Global Knowledge Index 2017

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macedonia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Armenia Rank Value
Pre-University Education 35 65.2
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 34 64.2
Enrolment 12 57.7
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 23 32.5
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 70 43.7
Out-of-school children (%) 106 96.9
Completion 13 89.0
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 81 82.1
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) N/A N/A
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 85 95.8
Outcome 51 46.0
Assessment of 15-year-old students N/A N/A
Assessment of 8th Grade students 22 46.0
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 43 66.8
Expenditure on Education 75 43.4
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 2 1.6
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 38 28.7
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels 107 100.0
Early Childhood Education 34 67.3
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 61 34.5
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) 76 100.0
School Environment 69 81.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 58 81.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) N/A N/A
Trained teachers, primary (%) N/A N/A
Trained teachers, secondary (%) N/A N/A
Armenia Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 126 36.1
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 126 23.1
Continuous Training 113 37.8
Extent of staff training 41 43.8
Availability of specialized training services 52 52.7
Firms offering formal training (%) 11 16.9
Educational Structure 121 13.3
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education 9 9.8
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 59 16.9
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) N/A N/A
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) N/A N/A
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 61 55.7
Qualifications of the Human Capital 89 43.6
Poor work ethic in the labour force 101 86.8
Availability of skilled employees 15 41.7
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 31 2.3
Structure of the Labor Market 8 83.8
Restrictive labour regulations 110 95.2
Labour freedom 104 72.4
Armenia Rank Value
Higher Education 83 33.9
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 98 33.7
Expenditure 111 6.2
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 11 9.7
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 12 2.6
Enrolment 62 36.2
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 59 59.5
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 63 34.6
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 50 14.6
Human Resources 89 57.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 115 93.6
Researchers in Higher education (%) 9 21.2
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 75 34.1
Graduation 10 62.1
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 84 72.4
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 87 50.1
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 86 63.9
Employment After Graduation 92 38.7
Labour force with advanced education (%) 81 44.6
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 7 32.8
Quality of Universities 101 18.6
University-industry collaboration in R&D 45 37.2
Number of globally-ranked universities N/A N/A
Comepetency of Students 83 9.8
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) N/A N/A
Inbound mobility rate (%) 65 19.6
Armenia Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 68 21.9
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 93 13.5
Research and Development Inputs 109 8.8
GERD (% of GDP) 27 4.9
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 5 3.8
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 56 11.8
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 22 14.7
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 26 14.5
Research and Development Outputs 62 18.2
Average documents per researcher 51 26.9
Citations per document 113 51.7
Citable documents H index 66 10.9
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) N/A N/A
Quality of scientific research institutions 46 42.0
PCT patents applications / million population 56 1.2
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 52 28.2
Inputs of Innovation in Production 31 51.3
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) N/A N/A
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) N/A N/A
Researchers in Business enterprise (%) N/A N/A
FDI and technology transfer 46 51.3
Outputs of Innovation in Production 97 12.7
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 1 2.2
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 52 7.3
Production process sophistication 67 47.1
Extent of marketing 41 52.1
SOCIAL INNOVATION 27 40.8
Inputs of Social Innovation 102 20.1
Ease of protecting minority investors 75 60.0
Joint venture/ strategic alliance deals 48 10.5
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 21 11.8
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 32 9.3
New business density 44 8.6
Outputs of Social Innovation 9 54.6
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 115 55.2
National feature films produced (per million inhabitant) 95 77.4
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 71 37.5
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 28 52.9
Armenia Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 70 49.9
ICT INPUTS 44 66.7
Infrastructure 58 50.1
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 99 100.0
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 67 48.3
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitant) 63 2.1
Sector Competitiveness 38 83.3
ICT Price Basket 57 95.9
Internet and telephony level of competition 91 100.0
Laws relating to ICTs 80 53.9
ICT OUTPUTS 75 42.7
Subscriptions 69 30.8
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 76 29.7
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 61 38.4
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 64 21.9
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 56 33.1
Usage by Individuals 63 65.6
Internet users (%) 72 61.3
Use of virtual social networks 74 78.5
Business-to-consumer Internet use 59 57.2
Usage by Government and Institutions 102 39.6
Firm-level technology absorption 53 55.6
Government Online Service Index 36 42.8
Government success in ICT promotion 79 54.5
Unlicensed software installation rates 3 5.5
Impact on Development 57 39.7
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 33 4.9
Impact of ICTs on business models 70 59.0
Social impacts of ICT 75 55.3
Armenia Rank Value
Economy 76 41.8
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 91 47.8
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 81 58.4
Ease of starting a business 123 96.1
Ease of enforcing a contract 105 69.7
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 26 33.6
Logistics Performance Index 9 23.1
Intensity of local competition 66 69.1
Availability of latest technologies 54 58.9
Competitiveness Drivers 96 37.3
Business impact of rules on FDI 42 53.6
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 61 50.2
Global Entrepreneurship Index 41 22.1
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 81 30.8
Venture capital availability 56 29.7
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 78 30.9
Creative Economy 84 21.6
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 42 2.6
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 85 24.5
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 39 37.5
Trade 57 40.2
Trade (% of GDP) 61 21.1
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 83 59.2
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 62 40.6
Financing and Taxes 60 44.3
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 121 86.9
Soundness of banks 54 60.8
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 59 19.3
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 21 10.3
Domestic Value-added 59 36.8
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 82 48.2
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 36 25.5

Rank
Value