Global Knowledge Index 2017

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macedonia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Botswana Rank Value
Pre-University Education 81 52.1
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 83 48.6
Enrolment 102 35.5
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 90 45.7
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 33 25.4
Out-of-school children (%) N/A N/A
Completion 17 85.0
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 63 80.4
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) N/A N/A
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 65 89.7
Outcome 73 25.1
Assessment of 15-year-old students N/A N/A
Assessment of 8th Grade students 6 25.1
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 82 57.4
Expenditure on Education 8 69.9
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 89 39.2
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 116 97.5
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels 42 73.0
Early Childhood Education 101 18.2
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 20 12.6
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) 12 23.9
School Environment 41 88.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 47 76.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 60 79.4
Trained teachers, primary (%) 50 98.4
Trained teachers, secondary (%) 45 98.9
Botswana Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 115 42.5
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 71 49.9
Continuous Training 43 56.1
Extent of staff training 71 51.1
Availability of specialized training services 55 53.1
Firms offering formal training (%) 76 64.0
Educational Structure 85 45.7
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education N/A N/A
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 38 9.1
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) N/A N/A
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) 47 82.3
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 129 31.5
Qualifications of the Human Capital 129 16.7
Poor work ethic in the labour force N/A N/A
Availability of skilled employees 34 46.7
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 38 3.4
Structure of the Labor Market 77 66.0
Restrictive labour regulations 34 63.4
Labour freedom 96 68.6
Botswana Rank Value
Higher Education 73 36.8
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 26 51.1
Expenditure 2 86.8
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 118 100.0
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 107 73.6
Enrolment 107 18.1
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 30 39.3
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 18 11.9
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 17 3.2
Human Resources 70 64.7
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 38 66.4
Researchers in Higher education (%) 57 63.1
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 96 26.5
Graduation 69 33.2
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 58 53.2
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 16 10.8
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 45 35.5
Employment After Graduation 75 49.0
Labour force with advanced education (%) 40 24.4
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 47 73.6
Quality of Universities 96 19.0
University-industry collaboration in R&D 50 38.0
Number of globally-ranked universities N/A N/A
Comepetency of Students 94 6.2
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) N/A N/A
Inbound mobility rate (%) 48 12.4
Botswana Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 82 19.7
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 61 19.9
Research and Development Inputs 52 23.8
GERD (% of GDP) 42 8.7
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 98 67.7
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 33 3.1
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) N/A N/A
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 4 3.6
Research and Development Outputs 75 16.0
Average documents per researcher 95 57.9
Citations per document 19 17.4
Citable documents H index 34 5.8
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) N/A N/A
Quality of scientific research institutions 42 41.2
PCT patents applications / million population N/A N/A
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 118 12.8
Inputs of Innovation in Production 117 15.3
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) 17 1.7
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) 30 22.7
Researchers in Business enterprise (%) 13 5.0
FDI and technology transfer 43 50.8
Outputs of Innovation in Production 116 11.1
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 29 2.3
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 25 1.9
Production process sophistication 38 40.1
Extent of marketing 44 52.7
SOCIAL INNOVATION 91 26.0
Inputs of Social Innovation 35 35.2
Ease of protecting minority investors 61 55.0
Joint venture/ strategic alliance deals 80 36.8
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 8 7.8
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 37 10.2
New business density 92 75.9
Outputs of Social Innovation 105 19.9
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 24 5.2
National feature films produced (per million inhabitant) N/A N/A
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) N/A N/A
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 31 53.1
Botswana Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 97 40.7
ICT INPUTS 93 51.8
Infrastructure 96 39.0
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 31 88.9
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 21 27.1
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitant) 50 1.0
Sector Competitiveness 95 64.6
ICT Price Basket 46 94.4
Internet and telephony level of competition 25 60.7
Laws relating to ICTs 33 38.7
ICT OUTPUTS 94 36.0
Subscriptions 70 30.1
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 41 11.5
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 119 61.0
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 35 6.1
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 78 41.8
Usage by Individuals 97 50.0
Internet users (%) 41 37.0
Use of virtual social networks 41 70.3
Business-to-consumer Internet use 20 42.7
Usage by Government and Institutions 112 36.1
Firm-level technology absorption 35 52.7
Government Online Service Index 21 28.3
Government success in ICT promotion 55 48.4
Unlicensed software installation rates 19 15.1
Impact on Development 104 29.5
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) N/A N/A
Impact of ICTs on business models 29 48.2
Social impacts of ICT 30 40.5
Botswana Rank Value
Economy 62 44.6
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 71 50.3
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 60 61.7
Ease of starting a business 16 76.2
Ease of enforcing a contract 34 51.0
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 120 66.8
Logistics Performance Index 73 55.1
Intensity of local competition 57 66.2
Availability of latest technologies 37 55.0
Competitiveness Drivers 83 38.9
Business impact of rules on FDI 64 58.9
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 65 50.5
Global Entrepreneurship Index 69 34.4
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 47 19.9
Venture capital availability 63 31.0
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 31 44.8
Creative Economy 28 44.9
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 40 2.3
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 107 100.0
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 30 32.4
Trade 43 44.7
Trade (% of GDP) 94 33.0
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 65 56.4
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 96 32.8
Financing and Taxes 63 43.4
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 108 78.1
Soundness of banks 65 65.7
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 35 11.9
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 45 18.0
Domestic Value-added 101 22.1
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 56 29.4
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 17 14.8

Rank
Value