Global Knowledge Index 2017

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macedonia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Colombia Rank Value
Pre-University Education 89 50.2
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 89 47.3
Enrolment 35 47.6
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 108 54.2
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 58 39.6
Out-of-school children (%) 64 48.9
Completion 89 61.6
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 80 82.0
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 48 46.5
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 14 56.4
Outcome 62 32.6
Assessment of 15-year-old students 14 37.6
Assessment of 8th Grade students 9 27.5
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 88 54.6
Expenditure on Education 100 33.3
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 68 29.2
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 61 40.4
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels 4 30.1
Early Childhood Education 74 44.4
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 74 44.4
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) N/A N/A
School Environment 76 79.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 42 74.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 18 44.9
Trained teachers, primary (%) 49 97.9
Trained teachers, secondary (%) 44 98.8
Colombia Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 104 46.1
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 122 27.8
Continuous Training 34 59.5
Extent of staff training 45 44.0
Availability of specialized training services 56 53.2
Firms offering formal training (%) 90 81.4
Educational Structure 127 6.7
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education 2 1.5
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 46 11.9
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) N/A N/A
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) N/A N/A
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 4 73.5
Qualifications of the Human Capital 15 72.8
Poor work ethic in the labour force 108 90.5
Availability of skilled employees 71 55.0
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) N/A N/A
Structure of the Labor Market 37 75.2
Restrictive labour regulations 48 72.5
Labour freedom 117 77.9
Colombia Rank Value
Higher Education 72 36.9
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 87 37.4
Expenditure 75 18.9
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 52 29.0
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 37 8.8
Enrolment 105 19.2
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 29 39.2
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 31 15.6
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 13 2.8
Human Resources 12 83.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 66 76.1
Researchers in Higher education (%) 97 90.1
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 66 36.6
Graduation 67 34.0
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 19 25.9
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 90 53.7
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 25 22.5
Employment After Graduation 64 51.7
Labour force with advanced education (%) 77 43.4
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 31 60.0
Quality of Universities 37 46.6
University-industry collaboration in R&D 78 43.2
Number of globally-ranked universities 50 50.0
Comepetency of Students 75 17.1
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) 16 33.3
Inbound mobility rate (%) 8 .9
Colombia Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 67 21.9
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 54 21.8
Research and Development Inputs 61 21.0
GERD (% of GDP) 30 5.3
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 80 38.0
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 26 2.1
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 54 29.2
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 110 52.6
Research and Development Outputs 47 22.7
Average documents per researcher 104 75.0
Citations per document 31 22.6
Citable documents H index 86 16.4
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) 39 25.7
Quality of scientific research institutions 68 47.9
PCT patents applications / million population 51 1.0
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 101 16.7
Inputs of Innovation in Production 98 19.8
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) 22 2.1
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) 49 43.1
Researchers in Business enterprise (%) 6 .8
FDI and technology transfer 58 54.4
Outputs of Innovation in Production 78 14.7
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 73 6.6
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 36 3.1
Production process sophistication 56 44.7
Extent of marketing 57 56.3
SOCIAL INNOVATION 81 27.4
Inputs of Social Innovation 61 29.8
Ease of protecting minority investors 116 73.3
Joint venture/ strategic alliance deals 6 5.3
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 104 42.0
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 48 18.5
New business density 52 11.4
Outputs of Social Innovation 91 25.8
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 65 18.6
National feature films produced (per million inhabitant) 39 7.2
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 45 25.0
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 41 56.8
Colombia Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 54 54.1
ICT INPUTS 42 67.6
Infrastructure 45 53.4
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 104 100.0
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 101 58.0
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitant) 66 2.3
Sector Competitiveness 45 81.7
ICT Price Basket 45 94.2
Internet and telephony level of competition 100 100.0
Laws relating to ICTs 72 50.9
ICT OUTPUTS 60 48.3
Subscriptions 74 29.2
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 59 23.8
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 66 39.6
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 70 25.5
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 39 28.0
Usage by Individuals 68 63.9
Internet users (%) 62 57.1
Use of virtual social networks 47 73.2
Business-to-consumer Internet use 74 61.3
Usage by Government and Institutions 38 60.5
Firm-level technology absorption 48 54.6
Government Online Service Index 104 79.0
Government success in ICT promotion 76 53.6
Unlicensed software installation rates 58 54.8
Impact on Development 49 42.1
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 31 4.1
Impact of ICTs on business models 76 60.7
Social impacts of ICT 87 61.6
Colombia Rank Value
Economy 77 41.7
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 76 49.7
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 90 57.3
Ease of starting a business 82 89.6
Ease of enforcing a contract 6 34.3
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 95 48.9
Logistics Performance Index 37 38.6
Intensity of local competition 109 75.8
Availability of latest technologies 47 56.8
Competitiveness Drivers 58 42.2
Business impact of rules on FDI 49 55.1
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 93 57.4
Global Entrepreneurship Index 76 37.3
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 82 30.8
Venture capital availability 59 30.2
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 51 37.1
Creative Economy 24 47.2
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 65 9.7
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 104 76.3
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 74 55.5
Trade 120 27.1
Trade (% of GDP) 5 4.1
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 38 50.1
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 102 30.3
Financing and Taxes 113 30.5
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 2 18.5
Soundness of banks 100 77.1
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 56 18.6
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 14 7.9
Domestic Value-added 83 30.2
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 52 28.2
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 54 32.1

Rank
Value