Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania (United Republic of)
  • Thailand
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Colombia Rank Value
Pre-University Education 89 50.2
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 89 47.3
Enrolment 35 47.6
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 21 54.2
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 69 39.6
Out-of-school children (%) 46 48.9
Completion 89 61.6
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 26 82.0
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 45 46.5
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 106 56.4
Outcomes 62 32.6
Assessment of 15-year-old students 55 37.6
Assessment of 8th Grade students 44 27.5
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 88 54.6
Expenditure on Education 100 33.3
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 47 29.2
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 57 40.4
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) 104 30.1
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 74 44.4
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 49 44.4
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) N/A N/A
School Environment 76 79.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 84 74.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 98 44.9
Trained teachers, primary (%) 28 97.9
Trained teachers, secondary (%) 16 98.8
Colombia Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 104 46.1
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 122 27.8
Continuous Training 34 59.5
Extent of staff training 85 44.0
Availability of specialized training services 74 53.2
Firms offering formal training (%) 4 81.4
Educational Structure 127 6.7
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education 64 1.5
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 78 11.9
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) N/A N/A
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) N/A N/A
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 4 73.5
Qualifications of the Human Capital 15 72.8
Poor work ethic in the labour force 18 90.5
Availability of skilled employees 51 55.0
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) N/A N/A
Structure of the Labor Market 37 75.2
Restrictive labour regulations 81 72.5
Labour freedom 15 77.9
Colombia Rank Value
Higher Education 72 36.9
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 87 37.4
Expenditure 75 18.9
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 68 29.0
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 75 8.8
Enrolment 105 19.2
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 76 39.2
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 75 15.6
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 103 2.8
Human Resources 12 83.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 52 76.1
Researchers in Higher education (%) 12 90.1
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 66 36.6
Graduation 67 34.0
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 78 25.9
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 7 53.7
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 78 22.5
Employment After Graduation 64 51.7
Labour force with advanced education (%) 43 43.4
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 85 60.0
Quality of Universities 37 46.6
University-industry collaboration in R&D 52 43.2
Number of globally-ranked universities 22 50.0
Competency of Students 75 17.1
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) 65 33.3
Inbound mobility rate (%) 104 0.9

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
Colombia Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 67 21.9
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 54 21.8
Research and Development Inputs 61 21.0
GERD (% of GDP) 77 5.3
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 22 38.0
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 84 2.1
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 44 29.2
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 15 52.6
Research and Development Outputs 47 22.7
Average documents per researcher 6 75.0
Citations per document 100 22.6
Citable documents H index 45 16.4
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) 55 25.7
Quality of scientific research institutions 62 47.9
PCT patents applications (per million inhabitants) 61 1.0
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 101 16.7
Inputs of Innovation in Production 98 19.8
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) 60 2.1
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) 44 43.1
Researchers (HC) in Business enterprise (%) 82 0.8
FDI and technology transfer 72 54.4
Outputs of Innovation in Production 78 14.7
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 47 6.6
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 77 3.1
Production process sophistication 74 44.7
Extent of marketing 73 56.3
SOCIAL INNOVATION 81 27.4
Inputs of Social Innovation 61 29.8
Ease of protecting minority investors 13 73.3
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals 73 5.3
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 26 42.0
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 66 18.5
New business density 48 11.4
Outputs of Social Innovation 90 25.8
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 58 18.6
National feature films produced (per million inhabitants) 65 7.2
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 52 25.0
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 87 56.8
Colombia Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 54 54.1
ICT INPUTS 42 67.6
Infrastructure 45 53.4
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 1 100.0
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 30 58.0
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 65 2.3
Sector Competitiveness 45 81.7
ICT Price Basket 82 94.2
Internet and telephony level of competition 1 100.0
Laws relating to ICTs 58 50.9
ICT OUTPUTS 60 48.3
Subscriptions 74 29.2
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 72 23.8
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 65 39.6
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 61 25.5
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 92 28.0
Usage by Individuals 68 63.9
Internet users (%) 69 57.1
Use of virtual social networks 83 73.2
Business-to-consumer Internet use 54 61.3
Usage by Government and Institutions 38 60.5
Firm-level technology absorption 82 54.6
Government Online Service Index 27 79.0
Government success in ICT promotion 52 53.6
Unlicensed software installation rates 41 54.8
Impact on Development 49 42.1
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 67 4.1
Impact of ICTs on business models 54 60.7
Social impacts of ICT 43 61.6
Colombia Rank Value
Economy 77 41.7
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 76 49.7
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 90 57.3
Ease of starting a business 50 89.6
Ease of enforcing a contract 126 34.3
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 34 48.9
Logistics Performance Index 91 38.6
Intensity of local competition 21 75.8
Availability of latest technologies 83 56.8
Competitiveness Drivers 58 42.2
Business impact of rules on FDI 81 55.1
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 37 57.4
Global Entrepreneurship Index 42 37.3
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 40 30.8
Venture capital availability 71 30.2
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 51 37.1
Creative Economy 24 47.2
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 55 9.7
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 8 76.3
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 55 55.5
Trade 120 27.1
Trade (% of GDP) 126 4.1
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 92 50.1
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 102 30.3
Financing and Taxes 113 30.5
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 129 18.5
Soundness of banks 30 77.1
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 74 18.6
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 115 7.9
Domestic Value-added 83 30.2
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 78 28.2
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 70 32.1

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value