Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czechia
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania (United Republic of)
  • Thailand
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe
2017
2018

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

0

HDI

0
Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Ecuador Rank Value
Pre-University Education 49 60.1
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 30 65.3
Enrolment 7 59.9
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 89 45.7
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 86 48.4
Out-of-school children (%) 105 85.5
Completion 63 70.8
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 88 83.3
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 41 43.1
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 52 85.9
Outcomes N/A N/A
Assessment of 15-year-old students N/A N/A
Assessment of 8th Grade students N/A N/A
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 94 52.2
Expenditure on Education 122 14.2
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 45 21.5
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 5 6.9
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) N/A N/A
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 44 61.6
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 43 23.1
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) 75 100.0
School Environment 98 68.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 39 72.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 25 54.4
Trained teachers, primary (%) 21 77.9
Trained teachers, secondary (%) 17 67.6
Ecuador Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 124 38.0
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 118 31.2
Continuous Training 35 58.9
Extent of staff training 37 42.7
Availability of research and training services 46 51.7
Firms offering formal training (%) 91 82.5
Educational Structure 123 12.7
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education 13 13.5
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 73 24.6
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary N/A N/A
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) N/A N/A
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 106 48.2
Qualifications of the Human Capital 76 46.6
Poor work ethic in the labour force 102 86.8
Ease of finding skilled employees 51 50.0
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 35 2.9
Structure of the Labor Market 113 52.0
Restrictive labour regulations 27 56.8
Labour freedom 22 47.3
Ecuador Rank Value
Higher Education 79 35.3
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 51 45.8
Expenditure 30 38.2
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 112 61.1
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 59 15.4
Enrolment 74 34.1
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 19 12.3
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 3 0.5
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 95 89.5
Human Resources 50 70.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 74 77.8
Researchers in higher education (%) 58 63.7
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 92 27.7
Graduation 83 26.6
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 18 23.7
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 85 45.9
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 9 10.2
Employment After Graduation 66 50.9
Labour force with advanced education (%) 42 24.9
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 53 76.9
Quality of Universities 70 27.0
University-industry collaboration in R&D 32 33.9
Globally-ranked universities 24 20.0
Competency of Students 84 9.7
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) 4 16.7
Inbound mobility rate (%) 22 2.8

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
Ecuador Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 104 15.9
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 98 12.6
Research and Development Inputs 86 13.8
GERD (% of GDP) 40 8.4
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 47 18.9
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 46 7.5
Graduates from ICT, science and engineering programmes, tertiary 20 14.0
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 80 30.2
Research and Development Outputs 111 11.3
Average documents per researcher 11 7.0
Citations per document 42 25.2
Citable documents H index 54 8.9
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) N/A N/A
Quality of research institutions 35 38.8
Patent applications (per million inhabitants) 31 0.1
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 110 15.2
Inputs of Innovation in Production 93 21.1
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) 31 5.2
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) 3 0.1
Researchers (HC) in business enterprise (%) 59 44.1
FDI and technology transfer 15 41.9
Outputs of Innovation in Production 112 11.3
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 5 2.2
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 27 2.0
Production process sophistication 31 38.1
Extent of marketing 66 57.0
SOCIAL INNOVATION 88 26.4
Inputs of Social Innovation 97 21.8
Ease of protecting minority investors 36 46.7
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals N/A N/A
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 77 23.9
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 55 22.2
New business density N/A N/A
Outputs of Social Innovation 78 29.4
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 86 28.4
National feature films produced (per million inhabitant) 46 9.5
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 55 27.8
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 21 48.2
Ecuador Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 76 47.4
ICT INPUTS 67 62.2
Infrastructure 85 42.9
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 24 82.0
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 57 45.0
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 60 1.6
Sector Competitiveness 48 81.5
ICT Price Basket 42 94.0
Internet and telephony level of competition 96 100.0
Laws relating to ICTs 69 50.6
ICT OUTPUTS 81 41.1
Subscriptions 84 24.4
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 64 24.8
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 22 22.7
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 62 21.0
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 45 29.0
Usage by Individuals 84 55.8
Internet users (%) 59 52.8
Use of virtual social networks 25 63.4
Business-to-consumer Internet use 44 51.3
Usage by Government and Institutions 73 49.3
Firm-level technology absorption 39 53.7
Government Online Service Index 76 63.0
Government success in ICT promotion 62 50.3
Unlicensed software installation rates 33 30.1
Impact on Development 70 37.7
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 17 2.1
Impact of ICTs on business models 68 58.6
Social impacts of ICT 64 52.3
Ecuador Rank Value
Economy 114 35.7
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 126 40.3
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 95 56.7
Ease of starting a business 11 70.6
Ease of enforcing a contract 57 56.7
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 79 45.3
Logistics Performance Index 56 44.9
Intensity of local competition 64 68.6
Availability of latest technologies 35 54.3
Competitiveness Drivers 130 23.9
Business impact of rules on FDI 4 30.5
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 18 37.6
Global Entrepreneurship Index 35 21.1
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 5 9.7
Venture capital availability 17 20.8
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 100 26.2
Creative Economy 47 34.0
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 49 3.5
Creative services exports (% of total trade in services) 100 59.6
Creative goods exports (% of total trade in goods) 43 38.9
Trade 131 18.5
Trade (% of GDP) 13 5.9
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 2 31.2
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 80 35.9
Financing and Taxes 79 39.5
Total tax and contribution rate (% of profit) 88 68.3
Soundness of banks 70 68.0
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 33 10.6
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 27 11.2
Domestic Value-added 77 32.3
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 35 21.9
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 84 42.7

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value