Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania (United Republic of)
  • Thailand
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Moldova (Republic of) Rank Value
Pre-University Education 58 58.5
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 92 47.1
Enrolment 98 36.4
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 121 23.9
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 63 40.8
Out-of-school children (%) 64 44.5
Completion 88 62.2
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 67 74.2
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 77 22.9
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 56 89.6
Outcomes 54 42.5
Assessment of 15-year-old students 48 42.5
Assessment of 8th Grade students N/A N/A
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 14 75.6
Expenditure on Education 26 58.8
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 51 27.9
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 11 69.4
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) 50 79.1
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 29 69.9
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 52 42.2
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) 16 97.7
School Environment 25 92.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 55 84.9
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 19 92.5
Trained teachers, primary (%) 1 100.0
Trained teachers, secondary (%) N/A N/A
Moldova (Republic of) Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 69 51.2
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 63 52.2
Continuous Training 101 40.8
Extent of staff training 117 37.4
Availability of specialized training services 101 46.6
Firms offering formal training (%) 47 38.3
Educational Structure 41 59.9
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education 22 35.0
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 54 21.3
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) 1 100.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) 29 83.2
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 99 49.5
Qualifications of the Human Capital 90 43.5
Poor work ethic in the labour force 22 90.0
Availability of skilled employees 110 38.3
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 70 2.2
Structure of the Labor Market 81 63.6
Restrictive labour regulations 47 88.3
Labour freedom 123 38.9
Moldova (Republic of) Rank Value
Higher Education 78 35.7
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 83 38.2
Expenditure 58 25.4
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 25 44.6
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 84 6.3
Enrolment 53 38.3
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 71 43.6
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 32 49.2
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 50 22.0
Human Resources 101 51.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 60 73.8
Researchers in Higher education (%) 96 28.2
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 78 33.8
Graduation 21 53.1
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 17 70.0
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 29 31.6
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 21 57.7
Employment After Graduation 42 60.3
Labour force with advanced education (%) 52 37.7
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 45 82.9
Quality of Universities 117 14.1
University-industry collaboration in R&D 113 28.3
Number of globally-ranked universities N/A N/A
Competency of Students 95 5.9
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) N/A N/A
Inbound mobility rate (%) 65 11.8

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
Moldova (Republic of) Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 75 20.6
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 104 11.9
Research and Development Inputs 96 12.5
GERD (% of GDP) 69 7.9
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 95 4.6
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 56 11.2
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 46 28.3
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 66 23.6
Research and Development Outputs 113 11.3
Average documents per researcher 94 9.6
Citations per document 71 30.0
Citable documents H index 95 5.9
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) 67 19.3
Quality of scientific research institutions 108 31.4
PCT patents applications (per million inhabitants) 70 0.4
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 60 26.6
Inputs of Innovation in Production 116 15.4
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) 61 2.0
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) N/A N/A
Researchers (HC) in Business enterprise (%) 62 11.7
FDI and technology transfer 94 49.4
Outputs of Innovation in Production 29 34.0
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 38 8.9
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 1 100.0
Production process sophistication 102 36.6
Extent of marketing 102 50.0
SOCIAL INNOVATION 28 40.7
Inputs of Social Innovation 82 25.1
Ease of protecting minority investors 40 63.3
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals 27 26.3
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 108 12.0
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 78 10.2
New business density 52 9.3
Outputs of Social Innovation 12 51.1
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 3 77.0
National feature films produced (per million inhabitants) 97 1.4
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 58 23.7
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 82 57.5
Moldova (Republic of) Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 67 51.1
ICT INPUTS 47 66.1
Infrastructure 50 51.6
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 59 94.4
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 32 57.5
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 62 3.0
Sector Competitiveness 56 80.6
ICT Price Basket 87 93.4
Internet and telephony level of competition 1 100.0
Laws relating to ICTs 68 48.4
ICT OUTPUTS 69 44.7
Subscriptions 51 40.8
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 28 57.5
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 78 36.5
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 51 35.3
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 74 34.1
Usage by Individuals 62 65.9
Internet users (%) 49 70.9
Use of virtual social networks 75 74.6
Business-to-consumer Internet use 80 52.1
Usage by Government and Institutions 98 40.8
Firm-level technology absorption 101 50.7
Government Online Service Index 65 59.4
Government success in ICT promotion 74 47.8
Unlicensed software installation rates 94 5.5
Impact on Development 86 33.8
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) N/A N/A
Impact of ICTs on business models 106 47.3
Social impacts of ICT 59 54.1
Moldova (Republic of) Rank Value
Economy 74 42.0
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 66 51.2
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 78 58.8
Ease of starting a business 36 92.0
Ease of enforcing a contract 54 60.9
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 65 42.8
Logistics Performance Index 90 38.7
Intensity of local competition 93 62.7
Availability of latest technologies 86 56.0
Competitiveness Drivers 49 43.6
Business impact of rules on FDI 84 54.2
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 52 52.6
Global Entrepreneurship Index 81 21.3
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 9 71.3
Venture capital availability 117 18.3
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 56 35.4
Creative Economy 74 25.4
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 77 2.7
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 24 30.3
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 82 43.2
Trade 39 45.4
Trade (% of GDP) 28 36.9
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 75 54.0
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 103 30.1
Financing and Taxes 118 27.8
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 76 57.7
Soundness of banks 125 26.3
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 102 9.5
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 106 11.0
Domestic Value-added 76 32.5
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 75 29.2
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 58 35.8

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value