Global Knowledge Index 2017

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macedonia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Moldova (Republic of) Rank Value
Pre-University Education 58 58.5
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 92 47.1
Enrolment 98 36.4
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 8 23.9
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 64 40.8
Out-of-school children (%) 46 44.5
Completion 88 62.2
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 39 74.2
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 16 22.9
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 64 89.6
Outcome 54 42.5
Assessment of 15-year-old students 21 42.5
Assessment of 8th Grade students N/A N/A
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 14 75.6
Expenditure on Education 26 58.8
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 64 27.9
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 107 69.4
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels 58 79.1
Early Childhood Education 29 69.9
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 71 42.2
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) 61 97.7
School Environment 25 92.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 71 84.9
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 97 92.5
Trained teachers, primary (%) 58 100.0
Trained teachers, secondary (%) N/A N/A
Moldova (Republic of) Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 69 51.2
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 63 52.2
Continuous Training 101 40.8
Extent of staff training 13 37.4
Availability of specialized training services 29 46.6
Firms offering formal training (%) 47 38.3
Educational Structure 41 59.9
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education 44 35.0
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 70 21.3
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) 42 100.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) 52 83.2
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 99 49.5
Qualifications of the Human Capital 90 43.5
Poor work ethic in the labour force 106 90.0
Availability of skilled employees 11 38.3
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 29 2.2
Structure of the Labor Market 81 63.6
Restrictive labour regulations 82 88.3
Labour freedom 9 38.9
Moldova (Republic of) Rank Value
Higher Education 78 35.7
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 83 38.2
Expenditure 58 25.4
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 95 44.6
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 28 6.3
Enrolment 53 38.3
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 34 43.6
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 74 49.2
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 66 22.0
Human Resources 101 51.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 58 73.8
Researchers in Higher education (%) 13 28.2
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 78 33.8
Graduation 21 53.1
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 80 70.0
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 68 31.6
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 82 57.7
Employment After Graduation 42 60.3
Labour force with advanced education (%) 68 37.7
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 71 82.9
Quality of Universities 117 14.1
University-industry collaboration in R&D 17 28.3
Number of globally-ranked universities N/A N/A
Comepetency of Students 95 5.9
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) N/A N/A
Inbound mobility rate (%) 47 11.8
Moldova (Republic of) Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 75 20.6
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 104 11.9
Research and Development Inputs 96 12.5
GERD (% of GDP) 38 7.9
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 7 4.6
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 54 11.2
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 52 28.3
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 59 23.6
Research and Development Outputs 113 11.3
Average documents per researcher 16 9.6
Citations per document 59 30.0
Citable documents H index 36 5.9
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) 27 19.3
Quality of scientific research institutions 22 31.4
PCT patents applications / million population 42 .4
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 60 26.6
Inputs of Innovation in Production 116 15.4
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) 21 2.0
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) N/A N/A
Researchers in Business enterprise (%) 26 11.7
FDI and technology transfer 36 49.4
Outputs of Innovation in Production 29 34.0
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 82 8.9
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 110 100.0
Production process sophistication 28 36.6
Extent of marketing 28 50.0
SOCIAL INNOVATION 28 40.7
Inputs of Social Innovation 82 25.1
Ease of protecting minority investors 91 63.3
Joint venture/ strategic alliance deals 69 26.3
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 22 12.0
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 35 10.2
New business density 48 9.3
Outputs of Social Innovation 12 51.1
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 120 77.0
National feature films produced (per million inhabitant) 7 1.4
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 39 23.7
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 46 57.5
Moldova (Republic of) Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 67 51.1
ICT INPUTS 47 66.1
Infrastructure 50 51.6
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 50 94.4
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 99 57.5
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitant) 69 3.0
Sector Competitiveness 56 80.6
ICT Price Basket 40 93.4
Internet and telephony level of competition 89 100.0
Laws relating to ICTs 62 48.4
ICT OUTPUTS 69 44.7
Subscriptions 51 40.8
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 103 57.5
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 53 36.5
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 80 35.3
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 57 34.1
Usage by Individuals 62 65.9
Internet users (%) 82 70.9
Use of virtual social networks 55 74.6
Business-to-consumer Internet use 48 52.1
Usage by Government and Institutions 98 40.8
Firm-level technology absorption 29 50.7
Government Online Service Index 65 59.4
Government success in ICT promotion 54 47.8
Unlicensed software installation rates 5 5.5
Impact on Development 86 33.8
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) N/A N/A
Impact of ICTs on business models 24 47.3
Social impacts of ICT 71 54.1
Moldova (Republic of) Rank Value
Economy 74 42.0
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 66 51.2
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 78 58.8
Ease of starting a business 96 92.0
Ease of enforcing a contract 78 60.9
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 64 42.8
Logistics Performance Index 38 38.7
Intensity of local competition 37 62.7
Availability of latest technologies 44 56.0
Competitiveness Drivers 49 43.6
Business impact of rules on FDI 46 54.2
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 78 52.6
Global Entrepreneurship Index 37 21.3
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 113 71.3
Venture capital availability 13 18.3
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 56 35.4
Creative Economy 74 25.4
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 43 2.7
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 88 30.3
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 47 43.2
Trade 39 45.4
Trade (% of GDP) 103 36.9
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 55 54.0
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 103 30.1
Financing and Taxes 118 27.8
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 54 57.7
Soundness of banks 5 26.3
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 28 9.5
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 23 11.0
Domestic Value-added 76 32.5
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 55 29.2
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 66 35.8

Rank
Value