Global Knowledge Index 2017

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macedonia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

0

HDI

0
Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Mongolia Rank Value
Pre-University Education 55 59.1
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 53 58.4
Enrolment 53 44.8
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 42 36.0
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 71 43.8
Out-of-school children (%) 79 54.6
Completion 59 71.9
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 59 79.1
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 40 42.8
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 74 93.9
Outcome N/A N/A
Assessment of 15-year-old students N/A N/A
Assessment of 8th Grade students N/A N/A
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 72 60.1
Expenditure on Education 109 28.2
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 48 22.4
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 47 34.0
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels N/A N/A
Early Childhood Education 55 55.2
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 47 27.5
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) 35 83.0
School Environment 50 86.2
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 33 67.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 53 77.4
Trained teachers, primary (%) 59 100.0
Trained teachers, secondary (%) 56 100.0
Mongolia Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 38 56.7
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 27 60.4
Continuous Training 56 53.2
Extent of staff training 30 41.1
Availability of specialized training services 16 42.6
Firms offering formal training (%) 87 75.9
Educational Structure 25 65.2
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education N/A N/A
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 57 15.6
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) 43 100.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) 44 79.9
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 89 51.3
Qualifications of the Human Capital 112 37.8
Poor work ethic in the labour force 88 84.2
Availability of skilled employees 1 28.3
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 11 .9
Structure of the Labor Market 11 82.8
Restrictive labour regulations 86 89.0
Labour freedom 112 76.6
Mongolia Rank Value
Higher Education 109 26.9
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 111 31.3
Expenditure 117 4.2
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 3 7.6
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 4 .8
Enrolment 34 44.9
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 90 83.7
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 52 26.8
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 73 24.3
Human Resources 119 38.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 37 66.1
Researchers in Higher education (%) 6 10.2
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 101 23.7
Graduation 88 25.2
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 54 51.4
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 31 16.6
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 6 7.5
Employment After Graduation 44 59.5
Labour force with advanced education (%) 85 47.6
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 46 71.5
Quality of Universities 121 13.1
University-industry collaboration in R&D 12 26.1
Number of globally-ranked universities N/A N/A
Comepetency of Students 109 1.6
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) N/A N/A
Inbound mobility rate (%) 25 3.3
Mongolia Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 76 20.6
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 115 10.0
Research and Development Inputs 108 9.0
GERD (% of GDP) 23 4.1
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 16 7.5
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 44 6.7
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 28 20.5
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 24 13.3
Research and Development Outputs 115 11.0
Average documents per researcher 28 15.8
Citations per document 26 21.3
Citable documents H index 28 4.9
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) N/A N/A
Quality of scientific research institutions 29 36.6
PCT patents applications / million population 25 .1
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 104 16.4
Inputs of Innovation in Production 121 11.5
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) 3 .3
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) 18 9.4
Researchers in Business enterprise (%) 17 6.0
FDI and technology transfer 30 48.0
Outputs of Innovation in Production 52 19.8
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 51 3.5
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 96 44.7
Production process sophistication 23 35.5
Extent of marketing 38 51.6
SOCIAL INNOVATION 4 56.5
Inputs of Social Innovation 67 28.1
Ease of protecting minority investors 107 68.3
Joint venture/ strategic alliance deals 39 10.5
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 65 20.7
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 38 11.1
New business density 82 36.4
Outputs of Social Innovation 3 75.3
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 121 100.0
National feature films produced (per million inhabitant) 97 88.6
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 70 37.3
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 20 47.9
Mongolia Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 74 48.3
ICT INPUTS 73 60.8
Infrastructure 52 51.5
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 51 94.4
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 105 59.0
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitant) 55 1.2
Sector Competitiveness 87 70.0
ICT Price Basket 68 97.2
Internet and telephony level of competition N/A N/A
Laws relating to ICTs 43 42.8
ICT OUTPUTS 74 43.0
Subscriptions 73 29.4
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 44 12.7
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 57 37.8
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 55 16.5
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 95 50.5
Usage by Individuals 93 51.9
Internet users (%) 20 18.8
Use of virtual social networks 77 78.9
Business-to-consumer Internet use 61 57.9
Usage by Government and Institutions 61 53.0
Firm-level technology absorption 46 54.6
Government Online Service Index 53 51.4
Government success in ICT promotion 73 53.0
Unlicensed software installation rates N/A N/A
Impact on Development 61 39.1
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 41 5.9
Impact of ICTs on business models 48 52.9
Social impacts of ICT 81 58.6
Mongolia Rank Value
Economy 97 38.8
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 92 47.8
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 98 56.2
Ease of starting a business 101 92.6
Ease of enforcing a contract 64 58.5
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 45 38.2
Logistics Performance Index 29 34.5
Intensity of local competition 16 58.2
Availability of latest technologies 36 55.0
Competitiveness Drivers 79 39.3
Business impact of rules on FDI 20 45.0
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 110 65.1
Global Entrepreneurship Index N/A N/A
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 89 33.4
Venture capital availability 10 13.9
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 103 25.9
Creative Economy 111 11.9
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 50 3.8
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 4 .2
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 29 31.5
Trade 61 39.8
Trade (% of GDP) 81 29.7
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 36 50.0
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 92 33.9
Financing and Taxes 77 40.2
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 111 78.7
Soundness of banks 10 39.4
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 72 23.7
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 42 17.5
Domestic Value-added 90 27.6
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 73 38.0
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 22 17.2

Rank
Value