Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania (United Republic of)
  • Thailand
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Mongolia Rank Value
Pre-University Education 55 59.1
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 53 58.4
Enrolment 53 44.8
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 87 36.0
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 56 43.8
Out-of-school children (%) 31 54.6
Completion 59 71.9
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 47 79.1
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 53 42.8
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 46 93.9
Outcomes N/A N/A
Assessment of 15-year-old students N/A N/A
Assessment of 8th Grade students N/A N/A
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 72 60.1
Expenditure on Education 109 28.2
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 67 22.4
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 71 34.0
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) N/A N/A
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 55 55.2
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 76 27.5
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) 42 83.0
School Environment 50 86.2
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 93 67.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 63 77.4
Trained teachers, primary (%) 1 100.0
Trained teachers, secondary (%) 1 100.0
Mongolia Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 38 56.7
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 27 60.4
Continuous Training 56 53.2
Extent of staff training 100 41.1
Availability of specialized training services 114 42.6
Firms offering formal training (%) 7 75.9
Educational Structure 25 65.2
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education N/A N/A
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 67 15.6
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) 1 100.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) 37 79.9
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 89 51.3
Qualifications of the Human Capital 112 37.8
Poor work ethic in the labour force 41 84.2
Availability of skilled employees 120 28.3
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 88 0.9
Structure of the Labor Market 11 82.8
Restrictive labour regulations 41 89.0
Labour freedom 20 76.6
Mongolia Rank Value
Higher Education 109 26.9
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 111 31.3
Expenditure 117 4.2
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 117 7.6
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 108 0.8
Enrolment 34 44.9
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 15 83.7
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 54 26.8
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 43 24.3
Human Resources 119 38.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 81 66.1
Researchers in Higher education (%) 103 10.2
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 101 23.7
Graduation 88 25.2
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 43 51.4
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 66 16.6
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 97 7.5
Employment After Graduation 44 59.5
Labour force with advanced education (%) 35 47.6
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 70 71.5
Quality of Universities 121 13.1
University-industry collaboration in R&D 118 26.1
Number of globally-ranked universities 82 0.0
Competency of Students 109 1.6
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) 82 0.0
Inbound mobility rate (%) 87 3.3

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
Mongolia Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 76 20.6
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 115 10.0
Research and Development Inputs 108 9.0
GERD (% of GDP) 84 4.1
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 86 7.5
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 66 6.7
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 70 20.5
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 101 13.3
Research and Development Outputs 115 11.0
Average documents per researcher 82 15.8
Citations per document 105 21.3
Citable documents H index 103 4.9
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) N/A N/A
Quality of scientific research institutions 101 36.6
PCT patents applications (per million inhabitants) 87 0.1
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 104 16.4
Inputs of Innovation in Production 121 11.5
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) 79 0.3
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) 75 9.4
Researchers (HC) in Business enterprise (%) 71 6.0
FDI and technology transfer 100 48.0
Outputs of Innovation in Production 52 19.8
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 69 3.5
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 17 44.7
Production process sophistication 107 35.5
Extent of marketing 92 51.6
SOCIAL INNOVATION 4 56.5
Inputs of Social Innovation 67 28.1
Ease of protecting minority investors 25 68.3
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals 52 10.5
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 65 20.7
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 77 11.1
New business density 18 36.4
Outputs of Social Innovation 3 75.3
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 1 100.0
National feature films produced (per million inhabitants) 7 88.6
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 27 37.3
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 108 47.9
Mongolia Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 74 48.3
ICT INPUTS 73 60.8
Infrastructure 52 51.5
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 59 94.4
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 26 59.0
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 76 1.2
Sector Competitiveness 87 70.0
ICT Price Basket 57 97.2
Internet and telephony level of competition N/A N/A
Laws relating to ICTs 87 42.8
ICT OUTPUTS 74 43.0
Subscriptions 73 29.4
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 87 12.7
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 74 37.8
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 76 16.5
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 36 50.5
Usage by Individuals 93 51.9
Internet users (%) 111 18.8
Use of virtual social networks 53 78.9
Business-to-consumer Internet use 67 57.9
Usage by Government and Institutions 61 53.0
Firm-level technology absorption 84 54.6
Government Online Service Index 77 51.4
Government success in ICT promotion 55 53.0
Unlicensed software installation rates N/A N/A
Impact on Development 61 39.1
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 57 5.9
Impact of ICTs on business models 82 52.9
Social impacts of ICT 49 58.6
Mongolia Rank Value
Economy 97 38.8
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 92 47.8
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 98 56.2
Ease of starting a business 31 92.6
Ease of enforcing a contract 68 58.5
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 84 38.2
Logistics Performance Index 99 34.5
Intensity of local competition 114 58.2
Availability of latest technologies 94 55.0
Competitiveness Drivers 79 39.3
Business impact of rules on FDI 110 45.0
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 20 65.1
Global Entrepreneurship Index N/A N/A
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 33 33.4
Venture capital availability 120 13.9
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 103 25.9
Creative Economy 111 11.9
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 70 3.8
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 108 0.2
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 100 31.5
Trade 61 39.8
Trade (% of GDP) 50 29.7
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 94 50.0
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 92 33.9
Financing and Taxes 77 40.2
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 20 78.7
Soundness of banks 120 39.4
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 58 23.7
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 81 18.9
Domestic Value-added 90 27.6
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 57 38.0
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 102 17.2

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value