Knowledge 4 All | Panama | Country Profile

Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czechia
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania (United Republic of)
  • Thailand
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe
2017
2018

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

0

Population

0

HDI

0
Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Panama Rank Value
Pre-University Education 105 45.0
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 115 37.2
Enrolment 103 35.5
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 59 37.9
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 34 26.2
Out-of-school children (%) 38 42.4
Completion 102 56.6
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 73 81.0
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 15 21.5
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 25 67.2
Outcomes 78 19.4
Assessment of 15-year-old students 3 19.4
Assessment of 8th Grade students N/A N/A
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 86 56.8
Expenditure on Education 105 31.4
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 32 16.8
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 22 16.5
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) 17 60.8
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 70 47.4
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 26 15.8
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) 31 79.1
School Environment 63 83.1
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 50 77.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 63 80.1
Trained teachers, primary (%) 25 80.2
Trained teachers, secondary (%) 37 94.6
Panama Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 101 46.3
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 79 47.9
Continuous Training 115 37.3
Extent of staff training 65 49.5
Availability of research and training services 49 52.3
Firms offering formal training (%) 5 10.0
Educational Structure 50 55.0
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education N/A N/A
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 71 22.6
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary 12 65.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) 37 76.8
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 123 43.9
Qualifications of the Human Capital 104 39.8
Poor work ethic in the labour force 18 57.9
Ease of finding skilled employees 45 48.3
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 66 13.2
Structure of the Labor Market 107 53.4
Restrictive labour regulations 35 63.7
Labour freedom 14 43.0
Panama Rank Value
Higher Education 62 39.3
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 62 43.5
Expenditure 80 16.8
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 33 22.0
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 49 11.5
Enrolment 77 33.4
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 33 17.0
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 11 1.8
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 89 81.3
Human Resources 8 85.4
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 94 85.4
Researchers in higher education (%) N/A N/A
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 68 36.3
Graduation 16 58.8
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 28 32.3
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 93 61.3
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 95 82.9
Employment After Graduation 34 64.9
Labour force with advanced education (%) 80 44.1
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 82 85.7
Quality of Universities 94 19.3
University-industry collaboration in R&D 53 38.5
Globally-ranked universities N/A N/A
Competency of Students 119 0.0
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) N/A N/A
Inbound mobility rate (%) N/A N/A

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
Panama Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 62 22.8
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 66 19.1
Research and Development Inputs 102 10.6
GERD (% of GDP) 8 1.8
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 54 21.0
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 21 1.5
Graduates from ICT, science and engineering programmes, tertiary 51 28.3
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 3 2.8
Research and Development Outputs 35 27.7
Average documents per researcher 105 81.9
Citations per document 127 80.4
Citable documents H index 73 11.9
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) N/A N/A
Quality of research institutions 60 45.8
Patent applications (per million inhabitants) 46 0.7
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 106 16.4
Inputs of Innovation in Production 94 20.9
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) N/A N/A
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) 21 13.9
Researchers (HC) in business enterprise (%) N/A N/A
FDI and technology transfer 122 74.5
Outputs of Innovation in Production 92 13.3
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 42 2.8
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 21 1.2
Production process sophistication 76 50.6
Extent of marketing 95 63.6
SOCIAL INNOVATION 31 40.4
Inputs of Social Innovation 48 32.7
Ease of protecting minority investors 67 56.7
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals 21 5.3
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 62 20.5
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 49 18.5
New business density 94 81.7
Outputs of Social Innovation 22 45.5
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 88 29.0
National feature films produced (per million inhabitant) 10 1.8
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 93 75.7
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 104 85.2
Panama Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 65 51.7
ICT INPUTS 61 63.9
Infrastructure 84 43.3
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 21 77.8
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 64 47.4
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 79 4.6
Sector Competitiveness 32 84.5
ICT Price Basket 67 97.0
Internet and telephony level of competition 109 100.0
Laws relating to ICTs 89 56.6
ICT OUTPUTS 64 46.4
Subscriptions 67 33.4
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 69 26.5
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 125 68.1
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 61 20.6
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 29 18.2
Usage by Individuals 59 66.6
Internet users (%) 57 52.7
Use of virtual social networks 92 81.7
Business-to-consumer Internet use 86 65.4
Usage by Government and Institutions 84 45.6
Firm-level technology absorption 96 67.7
Government Online Service Index 29 33.3
Government success in ICT promotion 87 56.5
Unlicensed software installation rates 28 24.7
Impact on Development 42 44.8
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 48 9.3
Impact of ICTs on business models 97 67.4
Social impacts of ICT 79 57.8
Panama Rank Value
Economy 46 48.5
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 17 61.3
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 26 72.8
Ease of starting a business 97 92.0
Ease of enforcing a contract 24 48.1
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 126 84.9
Logistics Performance Index 89 66.2
Intensity of local competition 84 72.1
Availability of latest technologies 94 73.3
Competitiveness Drivers 23 49.8
Business impact of rules on FDI 117 76.6
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 120 73.8
Global Entrepreneurship Index 54 26.2
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 74 27.5
Venture capital availability 105 44.7
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 73 31.8
Creative Economy 98 17.4
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 79 21.5
Creative services exports (% of total trade in services) 28 3.0
Creative goods exports (% of total trade in goods) 26 27.5
Trade 38 46.3
Trade (% of GDP) 80 28.3
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 102 64.2
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 64 39.5
Financing and Taxes 32 53.9
Total tax and contribution rate (% of profit) 68 62.0
Soundness of banks 116 82.5
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 99 37.4
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 28 11.4
Domestic Value-added 94 25.1
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 72 38.0
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 7 12.2

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value