Global Knowledge Index 2017

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macedonia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Peru Rank Value
Pre-University Education 74 54.4
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 79 49.3
Enrolment 60 44.0
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 54 37.2
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 68 43.5
Out-of-school children (%) 70 51.3
Completion 56 73.5
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 77 81.6
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 54 51.2
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 59 87.8
Outcome 65 30.4
Assessment of 15-year-old students 8 30.4
Assessment of 8th Grade students N/A N/A
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 61 62.1
Expenditure on Education 110 27.8
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 49 22.6
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 26 22.2
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels 7 38.6
Early Childhood Education 43 62.0
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 52 29.7
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) 52 94.3
School Environment 56 85.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 68 84.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 57 78.6
Trained teachers, primary (%) 46 96.2
Trained teachers, secondary (%) 25 81.1
Peru Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 102 46.2
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 117 33.3
Continuous Training 42 56.7
Extent of staff training 32 41.8
Availability of specialized training services 60 53.6
Firms offering formal training (%) 86 74.8
Educational Structure 118 17.7
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education 1 .2
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 8 2.2
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) N/A N/A
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) 7 50.8
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 28 65.5
Qualifications of the Human Capital 30 65.3
Poor work ethic in the labour force 79 80.5
Availability of skilled employees 54 50.0
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) N/A N/A
Structure of the Labor Market 76 66.2
Restrictive labour regulations 44 69.6
Labour freedom 79 62.8
Peru Rank Value
Higher Education 117 25.0
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 131 4.2
Expenditure 99 10.6
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 25 17.8
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 14 3.4
Enrolment N/A N/A
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) N/A N/A
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) N/A N/A
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) N/A N/A
Human Resources N/A N/A
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) N/A N/A
Researchers in Higher education (%) N/A N/A
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 57 40.1
Graduation N/A N/A
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) N/A N/A
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) N/A N/A
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) N/A N/A
Employment After Graduation 37 64.4
Labour force with advanced education (%) 84 47.5
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 65 81.3
Quality of Universities 76 26.0
University-industry collaboration in R&D 27 32.0
Number of globally-ranked universities 14 20.0
Comepetency of Students 57 33.3
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) 11 33.3
Inbound mobility rate (%) N/A N/A
Peru Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 69 21.9
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 80 16.0
Research and Development Inputs 88 13.7
GERD (% of GDP) 7 1.7
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 68 29.6
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 16 .9
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) N/A N/A
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 92 36.0
Research and Development Outputs 63 18.2
Average documents per researcher 86 47.3
Citations per document 79 37.4
Citable documents H index 77 13.3
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) 20 15.5
Quality of scientific research institutions 30 37.0
PCT patents applications / million population 38 .3
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 45 30.3
Inputs of Innovation in Production 24 57.6
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) N/A N/A
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) N/A N/A
Researchers in Business enterprise (%) N/A N/A
FDI and technology transfer 70 57.6
Outputs of Innovation in Production 101 12.1
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 43 3.0
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 26 1.9
Production process sophistication 46 41.6
Extent of marketing 69 57.9
SOCIAL INNOVATION 67 31.2
Inputs of Social Innovation 66 28.3
Ease of protecting minority investors 83 60.0
Joint venture/ strategic alliance deals 22 5.3
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 105 43.1
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 50 21.3
New business density 58 14.0
Outputs of Social Innovation 59 33.2
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 82 26.5
National feature films produced (per million inhabitant) 36 6.3
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 83 48.6
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 29 53.0
Peru Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 90 42.6
ICT INPUTS 108 46.5
Infrastructure 121 14.5
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) N/A N/A
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 48 42.2
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitant) 58 1.3
Sector Competitiveness 62 78.4
ICT Price Basket 47 94.4
Internet and telephony level of competition 111 100.0
Laws relating to ICTs 39 40.8
ICT OUTPUTS 82 40.9
Subscriptions 79 27.2
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 51 16.3
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 65 39.6
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 53 14.5
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 66 38.2
Usage by Individuals 88 54.7
Internet users (%) 46 43.6
Use of virtual social networks 34 67.3
Business-to-consumer Internet use 49 53.2
Usage by Government and Institutions 78 47.1
Firm-level technology absorption 30 50.9
Government Online Service Index 74 63.0
Government success in ICT promotion 19 37.6
Unlicensed software installation rates 40 37.0
Impact on Development 74 37.2
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 18 2.5
Impact of ICTs on business models 65 57.9
Social impacts of ICT 60 51.2
Peru Rank Value
Economy 85 40.9
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 67 51.1
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 68 60.0
Ease of starting a business 53 85.0
Ease of enforcing a contract 77 60.7
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 56 41.1
Logistics Performance Index 62 49.3
Intensity of local competition 65 69.0
Availability of latest technologies 38 55.1
Competitiveness Drivers 60 42.1
Business impact of rules on FDI 95 68.6
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 92 56.8
Global Entrepreneurship Index 55 26.8
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 67 25.2
Venture capital availability 70 33.0
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 104 25.7
Creative Economy 94 18.7
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 41 2.6
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 17 1.3
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 62 52.3
Trade 98 32.6
Trade (% of GDP) 19 8.2
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 67 57.0
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 79 35.9
Financing and Taxes 70 41.9
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 73 64.1
Soundness of banks 98 76.2
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 44 13.6
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 30 12.2
Domestic Value-added 85 30.0
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 39 22.4
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 74 37.6

Rank
Value