Knowledge 4 All | Rwanda | Country Profile

Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

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2017
2018

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

0

Population

0

HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Rwanda Rank Value
Pre-University Education 117 39.0
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 108 41.5
Enrolment 42 46.7
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 125 81.5
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 14 12.0
Out-of-school children (%) N/A N/A
Completion 119 36.3
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 11 39.8
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 10 14.2
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 12 54.9
Outcomes N/A N/A
Assessment of 15-year-old students N/A N/A
Assessment of 8th Grade students N/A N/A
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 117 35.2
Expenditure on Education 74 43.7
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 43 21.1
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 79 46.2
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) 24 63.9
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 112 11.2
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 16 11.2
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) N/A N/A
School Environment 116 53.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 1 18.2
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 34 63.6
Trained teachers, primary (%) 38 92.8
Trained teachers, secondary (%) 6 39.4
Rwanda Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 35 57.4
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 34 58.6
Continuous Training 36 58.7
Extent of staff training 86 53.1
Availability of research and training services 64 54.3
Firms offering formal training (%) 82 68.6
Educational Structure 45 58.6
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education 58 47.4
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 81 28.4
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary 39 100.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) N/A N/A
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 62 55.6
Qualifications of the Human Capital 93 42.7
Poor work ethic in the labour force 57 74.7
Ease of finding skilled employees 66 53.3
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) N/A N/A
Structure of the Labor Market 7 85.8
Restrictive labour regulations 91 89.7
Labour freedom 121 81.8
Rwanda Rank Value
Higher Education 98 29.4
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 81 38.3
Expenditure 95 11.3
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 34 22.0
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 2 0.5
Enrolment 67 34.9
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 37 18.9
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 31 5.7
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 84 80.0
Human Resources 51 70.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 7 41.0
Researchers in higher education (%) 107 100.0
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 102 22.9
Graduation 64 34.4
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 71 60.5
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 80 42.0
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 2 0.7
Employment After Graduation 100 32.4
Labour force with advanced education (%) 7 3.9
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 32 61.0
Quality of Universities 82 21.1
University-industry collaboration in R&D 75 42.1
Globally-ranked universities N/A N/A
Competency of Students 108 1.7
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) N/A N/A
Inbound mobility rate (%) 26 3.4

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
Rwanda Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 81 19.8
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 110 10.9
Research and Development Inputs 105 9.5
GERD (% of GDP) N/A N/A
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) N/A N/A
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 5 0.4
Graduates from ICT, science and engineering programmes, tertiary 8 8.6
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 87 33.4
Research and Development Outputs 105 12.4
Average documents per researcher 31 16.3
Citations per document 50 27.4
Citable documents H index 22 3.5
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) 3 0.5
Quality of research institutions 64 47.2
Patent applications (per million inhabitants) 2 0.0
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 28 39.5
Inputs of Innovation in Production 16 61.5
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) N/A N/A
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) N/A N/A
Researchers (HC) in business enterprise (%) N/A N/A
FDI and technology transfer 87 61.5
Outputs of Innovation in Production 44 24.9
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) N/A N/A
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 23 1.3
Production process sophistication 39 40.6
Extent of marketing 58 56.4
SOCIAL INNOVATION 83 27.0
Inputs of Social Innovation 59 30.4
Ease of protecting minority investors 48 51.7
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals 82 36.8
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 107 44.4
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 17 3.7
New business density 43 8.5
Outputs of Social Innovation 95 24.7
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 28 6.0
National feature films produced (per million inhabitant) N/A N/A
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) N/A N/A
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 57 66.8
Rwanda Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 87 42.9
ICT INPUTS 100 50.3
Infrastructure 87 42.2
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 94 99.9
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 20 26.5
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 27 0.2
Sector Competitiveness 106 58.4
ICT Price Basket 3 13.9
Internet and telephony level of competition 120 100.0
Laws relating to ICTs 99 61.2
ICT OUTPUTS 85 39.7
Subscriptions 120 8.1
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2 0.2
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 12 15.3
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 10 0.3
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 27 16.5
Usage by Individuals 105 45.1
Internet users (%) 17 16.3
Use of virtual social networks 38 69.4
Business-to-consumer Internet use 35 49.6
Usage by Government and Institutions 34 64.1
Firm-level technology absorption 82 62.5
Government Online Service Index 43 45.7
Government success in ICT promotion 126 84.2
Unlicensed software installation rates N/A N/A
Impact on Development 45 43.8
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) N/A N/A
Impact of ICTs on business models 99 67.5
Social impacts of ICT 93 63.9
Rwanda Rank Value
Economy 105 37.3
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 49 53.9
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 57 63.1
Ease of starting a business 72 87.2
Ease of enforcing a contract 58 56.8
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 97 49.4
Logistics Performance Index 68 52.8
Intensity of local competition 49 64.7
Availability of latest technologies 84 67.9
Competitiveness Drivers 44 44.6
Business impact of rules on FDI 111 74.0
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 83 54.3
Global Entrepreneurship Index 27 19.6
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 96 38.0
Venture capital availability 86 37.3
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 123 19.6
Creative Economy 123 5.7
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 29 1.4
Creative services exports (% of total trade in services) 3 0.1
Creative goods exports (% of total trade in goods) 12 15.6
Trade 94 33.5
Trade (% of GDP) 25 9.6
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 73 57.4
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 122 21.8
Financing and Taxes 100 34.0
Total tax and contribution rate (% of profit) 84 67.6
Soundness of banks 46 57.9
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 17 6.9
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 59 23.3
Domestic Value-added 124 9.5
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 6 4.6
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 16 14.4

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value