Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania (United Republic of)
  • Thailand
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Rwanda Rank Value
Pre-University Education 117 39.0
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 108 41.5
Enrolment 42 46.7
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 4 81.5
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 113 12.0
Out-of-school children (%) N/A N/A
Completion 119 36.3
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 95 39.8
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 83 14.2
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 108 54.9
Outcomes N/A N/A
Assessment of 15-year-old students N/A N/A
Assessment of 8th Grade students N/A N/A
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 117 35.2
Expenditure on Education 74 43.7
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 72 21.1
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 39 46.2
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) 84 63.9
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 112 11.2
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 107 11.2
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) N/A N/A
School Environment 116 53.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 125 18.2
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 82 63.6
Trained teachers, primary (%) 39 92.8
Trained teachers, secondary (%) 54 39.4
Rwanda Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 35 57.4
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 34 58.6
Continuous Training 36 58.7
Extent of staff training 44 53.1
Availability of specialized training services 66 54.3
Firms offering formal training (%) 12 68.6
Educational Structure 45 58.6
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education 8 47.4
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 43 28.4
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) 1 100.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) N/A N/A
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 62 55.6
Qualifications of the Human Capital 93 42.7
Poor work ethic in the labour force 72 74.7
Availability of skilled employees 56 53.3
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 99 0.0
Structure of the Labor Market 7 85.8
Restrictive labour regulations 38 89.7
Labour freedom 11 81.8
Rwanda Rank Value
Higher Education 98 29.4
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 81 38.3
Expenditure 95 11.3
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 86 22.0
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 110 0.5
Enrolment 67 34.9
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 21 80.0
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 69 18.9
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 85 5.7
Human Resources 51 70.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 111 41.0
Researchers in Higher education (%) 1 100.0
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 102 22.9
Graduation 64 34.4
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 26 60.5
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 17 42.0
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 101 0.7
Employment After Graduation 100 32.4
Labour force with advanced education (%) 113 3.9
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 84 61.0
Quality of Universities 82 21.1
University-industry collaboration in R&D 55 42.1
Number of globally-ranked universities 82 0.0
Competency of Students 108 1.7
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) 82 0.0
Inbound mobility rate (%) 86 3.4

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
Rwanda Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 81 19.8
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 110 10.9
Research and Development Inputs 105 9.5
GERD (% of GDP) N/A N/A
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) N/A N/A
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 105 0.4
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 90 8.6
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 38 33.4
Research and Development Outputs 105 12.4
Average documents per researcher 79 16.3
Citations per document 81 27.4
Citable documents H index 109 3.5
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) 90 0.5
Quality of scientific research institutions 66 47.2
PCT patents applications (per million inhabitants) 110 0.0
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 28 39.5
Inputs of Innovation in Production 16 61.5
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) N/A N/A
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) N/A N/A
Researchers (HC) in Business enterprise (%) N/A N/A
FDI and technology transfer 43 61.5
Outputs of Innovation in Production 44 24.9
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) N/A N/A
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 90 1.3
Production process sophistication 91 40.6
Extent of marketing 72 56.4
SOCIAL INNOVATION 83 27.0
Inputs of Social Innovation 59 30.4
Ease of protecting minority investors 82 51.7
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals 19 36.8
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 23 44.4
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 93 3.7
New business density 57 8.5
Outputs of Social Innovation 95 24.7
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 95 6.0
National feature films produced (per million inhabitants) N/A N/A
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) N/A N/A
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 71 66.8
Rwanda Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 87 42.9
ICT INPUTS 100 50.3
Infrastructure 87 42.2
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 27 99.9
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 111 26.5
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 104 0.2
Sector Competitiveness 106 58.4
ICT Price Basket 124 13.9
Internet and telephony level of competition 1 100.0
Laws relating to ICTs 31 61.2
ICT OUTPUTS 85 39.7
Subscriptions 120 8.1
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 129 0.2
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 119 15.3
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 121 0.3
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 104 16.5
Usage by Individuals 105 45.1
Internet users (%) 114 16.3
Use of virtual social networks 92 69.4
Business-to-consumer Internet use 93 49.6
Usage by Government and Institutions 34 64.1
Firm-level technology absorption 48 62.5
Government Online Service Index 87 45.7
Government success in ICT promotion 2 84.2
Unlicensed software installation rates N/A N/A
Impact on Development 45 43.8
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 98 0.0
Impact of ICTs on business models 31 67.5
Social impacts of ICT 37 63.9
Rwanda Rank Value
Economy 105 37.3
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 49 53.9
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 57 63.1
Ease of starting a business 60 87.2
Ease of enforcing a contract 74 56.8
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 32 49.4
Logistics Performance Index 60 52.8
Intensity of local competition 81 64.7
Availability of latest technologies 46 67.9
Competitiveness Drivers 44 44.6
Business impact of rules on FDI 19 74.0
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 47 54.3
Global Entrepreneurship Index 91 19.6
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 26 38.0
Venture capital availability 44 37.3
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 123 19.6
Creative Economy 123 5.7
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 91 1.4
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 109 0.1
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 117 15.6
Trade 94 33.5
Trade (% of GDP) 106 9.6
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 57 57.4
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 122 21.8
Financing and Taxes 100 34.0
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 47 67.6
Soundness of banks 84 57.9
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 113 6.9
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 124 3.7
Domestic Value-added 124 9.5
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 124 4.6
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 108 14.4

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value