Global Knowledge Index 2017

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macedonia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

0

HDI

0
Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
South Africa Rank Value
Pre-University Education 119 38.1
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 128 27.3
Enrolment 89 38.6
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 31 34.3
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 66 42.9
Out-of-school children (%) N/A N/A
Completion N/A N/A
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) N/A N/A
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) N/A N/A
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) N/A N/A
Outcome 79 16.0
Assessment of 15-year-old students N/A N/A
Assessment of 8th Grade students 2 16.0
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 91 54.3
Expenditure on Education 15 62.0
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 99 47.9
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 84 47.5
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels 88 90.8
Early Childhood Education 63 50.9
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 40 22.4
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) 32 79.4
School Environment 117 52.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 23 58.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 20 46.5
Trained teachers, primary (%) N/A N/A
Trained teachers, secondary (%) N/A N/A
South Africa Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 117 42.4
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 107 38.7
Continuous Training 54 53.3
Extent of staff training 91 55.5
Availability of specialized training services 80 60.2
Firms offering formal training (%) 57 44.1
Educational Structure 111 29.0
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education 5 4.6
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 42 11.2
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) 24 100.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) N/A N/A
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 109 48.0
Qualifications of the Human Capital 106 39.4
Poor work ethic in the labour force 26 65.3
Availability of skilled employees 38 46.7
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 49 6.4
Structure of the Labor Market 69 67.9
Restrictive labour regulations 55 76.9
Labour freedom 70 58.9
South Africa Rank Value
Higher Education 57 40.7
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 79 38.4
Expenditure 72 19.5
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 38 23.2
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 61 15.7
Enrolment 95 24.3
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 25 36.9
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 26 14.2
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 65 21.9
Human Resources 19 78.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) N/A N/A
Researchers in Higher education (%) 85 78.5
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 52 42.4
Graduation 62 34.7
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 61 55.5
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 33 17.0
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 39 31.4
Employment After Graduation 89 40.7
Labour force with advanced education (%) 37 22.4
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 28 58.9
Quality of Universities 28 53.1
University-industry collaboration in R&D 102 56.3
Number of globally-ranked universities 58 50.0
Comepetency of Students 39 43.2
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) 43 66.7
Inbound mobility rate (%) 66 19.8
South Africa Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 50 25.7
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 49 23.5
Research and Development Inputs 59 21.5
GERD (% of GDP) 61 16.7
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 69 29.9
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 53 11.2
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 30 22.1
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 96 37.5
Research and Development Outputs 39 25.4
Average documents per researcher 72 38.2
Citations per document 66 34.3
Citable documents H index 98 28.6
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) 49 32.7
Quality of scientific research institutions 90 56.5
PCT patents applications / million population 63 2.7
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 72 22.7
Inputs of Innovation in Production 68 30.5
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) 40 9.3
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) 62 53.1
Researchers in Business enterprise (%) 35 19.1
FDI and technology transfer 72 57.8
Outputs of Innovation in Production 63 17.5
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 75 6.8
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 46 5.9
Production process sophistication 91 57.6
Extent of marketing 101 65.2
SOCIAL INNOVATION 51 35.5
Inputs of Social Innovation 24 39.5
Ease of protecting minority investors 108 70.0
Joint venture/ strategic alliance deals 62 21.1
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 100 39.4
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 86 33.3
New business density 83 37.7
Outputs of Social Innovation 61 32.8
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 54 15.2
National feature films produced (per million inhabitant) 15 2.6
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 87 56.6
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 72 71.4
South Africa Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 69 50.2
ICT INPUTS 75 60.1
Infrastructure 35 56.0
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 89 99.4
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 121 63.8
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitant) 80 4.7
Sector Competitiveness 97 64.2
ICT Price Basket 54 95.7
Internet and telephony level of competition 11 40.9
Laws relating to ICTs 88 56.1
ICT OUTPUTS 67 45.9
Subscriptions 82 26.5
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 40 11.1
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 107 52.7
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 34 6.1
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 61 36.1
Usage by Individuals 70 62.6
Internet users (%) 58 52.7
Use of virtual social networks 61 75.7
Business-to-consumer Internet use 66 59.5
Usage by Government and Institutions 40 60.2
Firm-level technology absorption 94 66.8
Government Online Service Index 58 55.8
Government success in ICT promotion 26 40.2
Unlicensed software installation rates 78 78.1
Impact on Development 80 36.0
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 51 10.5
Impact of ICTs on business models 72 59.2
Social impacts of ICT 25 38.4
South Africa Rank Value
Economy 60 44.8
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 73 50.2
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 44 66.1
Ease of starting a business 34 80.5
Ease of enforcing a contract 46 54.1
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 37 37.1
Logistics Performance Index 108 82.8
Intensity of local competition 87 72.7
Availability of latest technologies 87 69.3
Competitiveness Drivers 113 34.4
Business impact of rules on FDI 50 55.1
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 19 38.1
Global Entrepreneurship Index 66 32.6
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 22 14.8
Venture capital availability 65 31.1
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 79 30.8
Creative Economy 71 26.1
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 71 15.3
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 32 4.1
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 82 58.8
Trade 83 35.5
Trade (% of GDP) 40 14.6
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 66 56.4
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 40 48.0
Financing and Taxes 22 60.2
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 102 73.2
Soundness of banks 94 74.7
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 121 63.3
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 69 25.9
Domestic Value-added 64 35.8
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 69 37.2
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 60 34.4

Rank
Value