Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania (United Republic of)
  • Thailand
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
South Africa Rank Value
Pre-University Education 119 38.1
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 128 27.3
Enrolment 89 38.6
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 98 34.3
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 61 42.9
Out-of-school children (%) N/A N/A
Completion N/A N/A
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) N/A N/A
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) N/A N/A
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) N/A N/A
Outcomes 79 16.0
Assessment of 15-year-old students N/A N/A
Assessment of 8th Grade students 51 16.0
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 91 54.3
Expenditure on Education 15 62.0
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 16 47.9
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 34 47.5
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) 20 90.8
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 63 50.9
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 83 22.4
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) 45 79.4
School Environment 117 52.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 103 58.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 96 46.5
Trained teachers, primary (%) N/A N/A
Trained teachers, secondary (%) N/A N/A
South Africa Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 117 42.4
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 107 38.7
Continuous Training 54 53.3
Extent of staff training 39 55.5
Availability of specialized training services 50 60.2
Firms offering formal training (%) 37 44.1
Educational Structure 111 29.0
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education 61 4.6
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 82 11.2
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) 1 100.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) 81 0.0
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 109 48.0
Qualifications of the Human Capital 106 39.4
Poor work ethic in the labour force 101 65.3
Availability of skilled employees 82 46.7
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 50 6.4
Structure of the Labor Market 69 67.9
Restrictive labour regulations 74 76.9
Labour freedom 62 58.9
South Africa Rank Value
Higher Education 57 40.7
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 79 38.4
Expenditure 72 19.5
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 82 23.2
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 51 15.7
Enrolment 95 24.3
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 80 36.9
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 80 14.2
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 51 21.9
Human Resources 19 78.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) N/A N/A
Researchers in Higher education (%) 24 78.5
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 52 42.4
Graduation 62 34.7
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 36 55.5
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 64 17.0
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 64 31.4
Employment After Graduation 89 40.7
Labour force with advanced education (%) 83 22.4
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 88 58.9
Quality of Universities 28 53.1
University-industry collaboration in R&D 28 56.3
Number of globally-ranked universities 22 50.0
Competency of Students 39 43.2
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) 17 66.7
Inbound mobility rate (%) 46 19.8

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
South Africa Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 50 25.7
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 49 23.5
Research and Development Inputs 59 21.5
GERD (% of GDP) 46 16.7
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 33 29.9
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 57 11.2
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 68 22.1
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 29 37.5
Research and Development Outputs 39 25.4
Average documents per researcher 38 38.2
Citations per document 64 34.3
Citable documents H index 33 28.6
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) 45 32.7
Quality of scientific research institutions 40 56.5
PCT patents applications (per million inhabitants) 49 2.7
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 72 22.7
Inputs of Innovation in Production 68 30.5
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) 42 9.3
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) 31 53.1
Researchers (HC) in Business enterprise (%) 53 19.1
FDI and technology transfer 58 57.8
Outputs of Innovation in Production 63 17.5
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 45 6.8
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 67 5.9
Production process sophistication 39 57.6
Extent of marketing 29 65.2
SOCIAL INNOVATION 51 35.5
Inputs of Social Innovation 24 39.5
Ease of protecting minority investors 22 70.0
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals 34 21.1
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 30 39.4
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 28 33.3
New business density 17 37.7
Outputs of Social Innovation 61 32.8
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 69 15.2
National feature films produced (per million inhabitants) 89 2.6
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 10 56.6
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 56 71.4
South Africa Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 69 50.2
ICT INPUTS 75 60.1
Infrastructure 35 56.0
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 30 99.4
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 10 63.8
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 51 4.7
Sector Competitiveness 97 64.2
ICT Price Basket 73 95.7
Internet and telephony level of competition 117 40.9
Laws relating to ICTs 42 56.1
ICT OUTPUTS 67 45.9
Subscriptions 82 26.5
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 91 11.1
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 24 52.7
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 97 6.1
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 70 36.1
Usage by Individuals 70 62.6
Internet users (%) 73 52.7
Use of virtual social networks 69 75.7
Business-to-consumer Internet use 62 59.5
Usage by Government and Institutions 40 60.2
Firm-level technology absorption 36 66.8
Government Online Service Index 73 55.8
Government success in ICT promotion 102 40.2
Unlicensed software installation rates 20 78.1
Impact on Development 80 36.0
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 47 10.5
Impact of ICTs on business models 58 59.2
Social impacts of ICT 105 38.4
South Africa Rank Value
Economy 60 44.8
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 73 50.2
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 44 66.1
Ease of starting a business 98 80.5
Ease of enforcing a contract 86 54.1
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 92 37.1
Logistics Performance Index 20 82.8
Intensity of local competition 43 72.7
Availability of latest technologies 43 69.3
Competitiveness Drivers 113 34.4
Business impact of rules on FDI 80 55.1
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 111 38.1
Global Entrepreneurship Index 52 32.6
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 100 14.8
Venture capital availability 65 31.1
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 79 30.8
Creative Economy 71 26.1
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 49 15.3
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 80 4.1
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 47 58.8
Trade 83 35.5
Trade (% of GDP) 91 14.6
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 64 56.4
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 40 48.0
Financing and Taxes 22 60.2
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 28 73.2
Soundness of banks 36 74.7
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 9 63.3
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 50 29.5
Domestic Value-added 64 35.8
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 61 37.2
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 64 34.4

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value