Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania (United Republic of)
  • Thailand
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Rank Value
Pre-University Education 112 42.5
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 119 35.1
Enrolment 115 30.7
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 118 25.0
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 76 36.3
Out-of-school children (%) N/A N/A
Completion 112 48.0
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 106 0.0
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 41 49.7
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 43 94.3
Outcomes 72 26.6
Assessment of 15-year-old students 65 19.4
Assessment of 8th Grade students 40 33.7
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 92 53.7
Expenditure on Education N/A N/A
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) N/A N/A
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) N/A N/A
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) N/A N/A
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 102 17.3
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 95 17.3
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) N/A N/A
School Environment 33 90.2
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 40 88.6
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 22 91.9
Trained teachers, primary (%) N/A N/A
Trained teachers, secondary (%) N/A N/A
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 36 57.2
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 19 65.5
Continuous Training 61 51.9
Extent of staff training 80 44.9
Availability of specialized training services 72 53.3
Firms offering formal training (%) 24 57.4
Educational Structure 8 74.6
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education N/A N/A
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 19 47.6
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) 1 100.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) 46 76.1
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 121 44.7
Qualifications of the Human Capital 127 31.4
Poor work ethic in the labour force 127 40.5
Availability of skilled employees 66 50.0
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 60 3.7
Structure of the Labor Market 34 75.7
Restrictive labour regulations 57 84.6
Labour freedom 41 66.7
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Rank Value
Higher Education 42 44.5
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 21 52.9
Expenditure N/A N/A
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) N/A N/A
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) N/A N/A
Enrolment 50 38.4
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 4 93.9
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 74 15.7
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 84 5.7
Human Resources 36 74.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 70 70.6
Researchers in Higher education (%) 26 78.5
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 62 38.4
Graduation 2 80.2
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 56 40.7
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 1 100.0
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 1 100.0
Employment After Graduation 101 32.0
Labour force with advanced education (%) 50 38.3
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 113 25.7
Quality of Universities 86 20.3
University-industry collaboration in R&D 65 40.7
Number of globally-ranked universities 82 0.0
Competency of Students 91 8.3
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) 82 0.0
Inbound mobility rate (%) 53 16.5

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 93 18.3
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 85 15.0
Research and Development Inputs 84 15.0
GERD (% of GDP) 58 10.4
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 85 7.7
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 44 18.8
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 52 27.1
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 90 17.3
Research and Development Outputs 83 15.0
Average documents per researcher 60 23.8
Citations per document 121 14.3
Citable documents H index 93 6.0
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) 43 33.6
Quality of scientific research institutions 51 51.6
PCT patents applications (per million inhabitants) 65 0.7
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 100 16.9
Inputs of Innovation in Production 106 17.8
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) 66 1.6
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) 64 21.5
Researchers (HC) in Business enterprise (%) 58 14.1
FDI and technology transfer 85 51.3
Outputs of Innovation in Production 71 16.3
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) 43 6.9
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 53 9.9
Production process sophistication 60 48.6
Extent of marketing 81 53.3
SOCIAL INNOVATION 75 29.4
Inputs of Social Innovation 55 31.1
Ease of protecting minority investors 13 73.3
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals N/A N/A
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 96 14.4
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 76 13.0
New business density 31 21.3
Outputs of Social Innovation 84 28.3
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 119 0.0
National feature films produced (per million inhabitants) 28 28.4
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 12 55.4
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 74 64.7
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 51 54.9
ICT INPUTS 38 68.4
Infrastructure 49 52.1
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 45 98.3
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 40 54.6
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 58 3.5
Sector Competitiveness 30 84.7
ICT Price Basket 78 94.6
Internet and telephony level of competition 1 100.0
Laws relating to ICTs 36 59.4
ICT OUTPUTS 57 49.1
Subscriptions 66 33.8
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 58 29.2
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 94 31.2
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 48 38.6
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 67 36.3
Usage by Individuals 45 71.3
Internet users (%) 47 72.1
Use of virtual social networks 24 86.1
Business-to-consumer Internet use 71 55.5
Usage by Government and Institutions 53 54.9
Firm-level technology absorption 62 58.4
Government Online Service Index 60 60.9
Government success in ICT promotion 20 64.6
Unlicensed software installation rates 60 35.6
Impact on Development 56 39.8
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 77 2.8
Impact of ICTs on business models 49 61.3
Social impacts of ICT 54 55.4
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Rank Value
Economy 48 48.0
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 39 55.7
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 51 64.6
Ease of starting a business 4 98.1
Ease of enforcing a contract 34 67.8
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 35 48.6
Logistics Performance Index 97 34.7
Intensity of local competition 40 73.0
Availability of latest technologies 53 65.3
Competitiveness Drivers 33 46.8
Business impact of rules on FDI 33 68.9
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 62 50.8
Global Entrepreneurship Index 60 28.7
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 16 51.3
Venture capital availability 56 34.2
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 59 34.8
Creative Economy 78 22.7
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 63 8.1
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 31 21.4
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 88 38.6
Trade 34 46.9
Trade (% of GDP) 30 35.9
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 53 57.8
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 46 45.8
Financing and Taxes 35 52.5
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 3 94.3
Soundness of banks 52 71.8
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 72 18.7
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 62 25.3
Domestic Value-added 56 39.0
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 55 38.2
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 46 39.9

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value