Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania (United Republic of)
  • Thailand
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Turkey Rank Value
Pre-University Education 97 48.3
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 68 52.7
Enrolment 70 42.9
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 67 38.3
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 31 52.5
Out-of-school children (%) 83 38.1
Completion 80 66.2
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 71 72.8
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) 57 38.6
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 62 87.1
Outcomes 47 48.9
Assessment of 15-year-old students 47 43.8
Assessment of 8th Grade students 24 54.0
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 110 41.7
Expenditure on Education 79 42.4
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 94 11.2
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 41 45.8
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) 71 70.2
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 114 10.7
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 109 10.7
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) N/A N/A
School Environment 85 72.3
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 69 81.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 83 62.8
Trained teachers, primary (%) N/A N/A
Trained teachers, secondary (%) N/A N/A
Turkey Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 88 48.9
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 87 45.6
Continuous Training 97 41.9
Extent of staff training 95 42.0
Availability of specialized training services 88 50.7
Firms offering formal training (%) 54 33.0
Educational Structure 76 48.1
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education 20 36.2
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 24 40.9
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) N/A N/A
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) 56 67.3
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 77 53.9
Qualifications of the Human Capital 72 47.0
Poor work ethic in the labour force 38 84.7
Availability of skilled employees 72 48.3
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 45 8.0
Structure of the Labor Market 61 69.9
Restrictive labour regulations 31 91.2
Labour freedom 106 48.5
Turkey Rank Value
Higher Education 87 33.5
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 105 32.2
Expenditure 44 30.3
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) 22 45.7
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) 55 14.9
Enrolment 102 22.2
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 88 31.7
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 71 18.8
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 62 16.0
Human Resources 107 49.0
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 113 28.8
Researchers in Higher education (%) 44 69.3
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 73 34.4
Graduation 101 16.2
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 80 23.6
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 88 8.3
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 88 16.7
Employment After Graduation 81 44.7
Labour force with advanced education (%) 60 34.7
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 95 54.7
Quality of Universities 27 55.6
University-industry collaboration in R&D 63 41.2
Number of globally-ranked universities 15 70.0
Competency of Students 64 27.8
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) 49 50.0
Inbound mobility rate (%) 81 5.6

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
Turkey Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 33 33.7
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 52 22.8
Research and Development Inputs 47 25.7
GERD (% of GDP) 36 22.0
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 54 19.1
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 33 30.4
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 65 23.5
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 20 43.3
Research and Development Outputs 55 19.9
Average documents per researcher 62 21.8
Citations per document 116 16.1
Citable documents H index 35 26.7
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) 36 38.1
Quality of scientific research institutions 97 38.3
PCT patents applications (per million inhabitants) 39 5.0
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 13 61.9
Inputs of Innovation in Production 57 40.1
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) 34 12.7
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) 19 65.2
Researchers (HC) in Business enterprise (%) 37 37.9
FDI and technology transfer 59 57.6
Outputs of Innovation in Production 8 76.4
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) N/A N/A
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 1 100.0
Production process sophistication 49 53.1
Extent of marketing 87 52.5
SOCIAL INNOVATION 35 38.3
Inputs of Social Innovation 56 31.1
Ease of protecting minority investors 22 70.0
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals 73 5.3
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 52 24.0
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 18 50.0
New business density 63 6.4
Outputs of Social Innovation 28 43.1
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 11 52.5
National feature films produced (per million inhabitants) 56 11.2
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 69 17.2
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 55 71.6
Turkey Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 57 53.2
ICT INPUTS 49 66.0
Infrastructure 56 50.3
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 48 98.2
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 58 49.7
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 60 3.0
Sector Competitiveness 47 81.6
ICT Price Basket 57 97.2
Internet and telephony level of competition 68 93.3
Laws relating to ICTs 48 54.3
ICT OUTPUTS 61 47.8
Subscriptions 68 30.9
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 71 23.9
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 98 29.2
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 56 29.3
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 59 41.1
Usage by Individuals 57 66.8
Internet users (%) 67 57.3
Use of virtual social networks 48 79.9
Business-to-consumer Internet use 48 63.1
Usage by Government and Institutions 57 54.2
Firm-level technology absorption 44 63.4
Government Online Service Index 62 60.1
Government success in ICT promotion 68 49.5
Unlicensed software installation rates 50 43.8
Impact on Development 47 42.7
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 46 10.5
Impact of ICTs on business models 50 61.2
Social impacts of ICT 53 56.4
Turkey Rank Value
Economy 49 47.7
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 38 55.7
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 30 71.7
Ease of starting a business 62 87.0
Ease of enforcing a contract 32 68.9
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17 58.1
Logistics Performance Index 33 69.5
Intensity of local competition 8 81.3
Availability of latest technologies 55 65.2
Competitiveness Drivers 77 39.8
Business impact of rules on FDI 49 65.6
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 96 43.1
Global Entrepreneurship Index 35 43.7
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 81 18.5
Venture capital availability 81 28.3
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 52 36.9
Creative Economy 39 39.2
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 61 8.2
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) 23 30.3
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 13 79.0
Trade 87 34.7
Trade (% of GDP) 108 9.2
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 41 60.3
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 61 42.2
Financing and Taxes 62 44.0
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 79 56.8
Soundness of banks 56 70.0
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 45 28.9
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 77 20.2
Domestic Value-added 53 40.4
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 72 30.8
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 23 50.0

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value