Knowledge 4 All | Saudi Arabia | Country Profile

Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

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2017
2018

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

0

HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Saudi Arabia Rank Value
Pre-University Education 96 48.4
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 91 47.1
Enrolment 106 34.0
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 101 48.3
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 99 53.7
Out-of-school children (%) N/A N/A
Completion 16 85.3
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 91 84.2
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) N/A N/A
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 54 86.4
Outcomes 75 21.9
Assessment of 15-year-old students N/A N/A
Assessment of 8th Grade students 4 21.9
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 97 50.4
Expenditure on Education 66 46.0
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 94 42.8
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 86 49.3
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) N/A N/A
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 118 7.9
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 12 7.9
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) N/A N/A
School Environment 7 95.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 114 95.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 85 87.8
Trained teachers, primary (%) 67 100.0
Trained teachers, secondary (%) 58 100.0
Saudi Arabia Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 119 40.3
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 125 23.8
Continuous Training 57 53.0
Extent of staff training 69 50.5
Availability of research and training services 68 55.5
Firms offering formal training (%) N/A N/A
Educational Structure 129 4.3
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education N/A N/A
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 37 8.7
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary N/A N/A
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) N/A N/A
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 31 65.0
Qualifications of the Human Capital 17 72.5
Poor work ethic in the labour force 30 65.8
Ease of finding skilled employees 59 51.7
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 98 100.0
Structure of the Labor Market 123 47.6
Restrictive labour regulations 5 26.7
Labour freedom 95 68.5
Saudi Arabia Rank Value
Higher Education 58 40.3
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 40 48.0
Expenditure N/A N/A
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) N/A N/A
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) N/A N/A
Enrolment 82 32.2
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 21 12.7
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 33 5.8
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 83 78.0
Human Resources 47 71.7
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 40 66.9
Researchers in higher education (%) 78 76.4
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 72 34.7
Graduation 108 13.2
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 11 20.4
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 4 4.0
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 12 15.2
Employment After Graduation 67 50.5
Labour force with advanced education (%) 76 41.9
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 30 59.2
Quality of Universities 36 47.3
University-industry collaboration in R&D 85 44.6
Globally-ranked universities 59 50.0
Competency of Students 50 36.3
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) 28 50.0
Inbound mobility rate (%) 73 22.6

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
Saudi Arabia Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 36 30.2
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 31 33.1
Research and Development Inputs 23 41.3
GERD (% of GDP) 68 19.9
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 100 100.0
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 61 14.6
Graduates from ICT, science and engineering programmes, tertiary 62 31.9
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 77 29.5
Research and Development Outputs 41 24.8
Average documents per researcher 81 43.9
Citations per document 111 50.4
Citable documents H index 92 18.5
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) 50 33.3
Quality of research institutions 78 50.7
Patent applications (per million inhabitants) 68 4.1
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 58 26.9
Inputs of Innovation in Production 92 21.6
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) N/A N/A
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) N/A N/A
Researchers (HC) in business enterprise (%) 5 0.7
FDI and technology transfer 92 63.3
Outputs of Innovation in Production 33 30.5
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) N/A N/A
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 18 1.0
Production process sophistication 97 60.8
Extent of marketing 80 59.4
SOCIAL INNOVATION 93 25.1
Inputs of Social Innovation 52 32.1
Ease of protecting minority investors 71 58.3
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals 24 5.3
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 92 34.3
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 92 37.0
New business density N/A N/A
Outputs of Social Innovation 101 20.4
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 11 2.2
National feature films produced (per million inhabitant) N/A N/A
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 56 27.9
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 33 53.7
Saudi Arabia Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 38 59.2
ICT INPUTS 40 68.1
Infrastructure 61 49.2
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 58 94.4
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 78 51.1
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 64 2.2
Sector Competitiveness 24 86.9
ICT Price Basket 105 98.9
Internet and telephony level of competition 121 100.0
Laws relating to ICTs 101 61.9
ICT OUTPUTS 39 55.3
Subscriptions 58 38.1
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 57 20.0
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 118 60.6
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 67 23.3
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 90 48.4
Usage by Individuals 42 72.3
Internet users (%) 87 73.8
Use of virtual social networks 99 84.0
Business-to-consumer Internet use 64 59.1
Usage by Government and Institutions 31 65.8
Firm-level technology absorption 99 68.4
Government Online Service Index 83 67.4
Government success in ICT promotion 119 71.3
Unlicensed software installation rates 60 56.2
Impact on Development 38 47.4
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 50 10.1
Impact of ICTs on business models 98 67.5
Social impacts of ICT 95 64.8
Saudi Arabia Rank Value
Economy 59 45.0
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 65 51.4
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 50 64.8
Ease of starting a business 21 77.1
Ease of enforcing a contract 52 55.1
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 100 51.2
Logistics Performance Index 78 59.3
Intensity of local competition 91 73.1
Availability of latest technologies 91 72.8
Competitiveness Drivers 89 38.1
Business impact of rules on FDI 21 45.4
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 25 39.6
Global Entrepreneurship Index 89 47.2
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 27 16.0
Venture capital availability 100 42.3
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 66 33.3
Creative Economy 56 30.0
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 19 0.8
Creative services exports (% of total trade in services) N/A N/A
Creative goods exports (% of total trade in goods) 83 59.2
Trade 79 36.6
Trade (% of GDP) 42 14.7
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 80 58.5
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 52 43.8
Financing and Taxes 36 51.6
Total tax and contribution rate (% of profit) 124 90.7
Soundness of banks 92 74.5
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 71 23.4
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 5 3.7
Domestic Value-added 62 36.0
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 78 39.1
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 58 33.0

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value