Global Knowledge Index 2017 - Scorecard

  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong China (SAR)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Korea (Republic of)
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania (United Republic of)
  • Thailand
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zimbabwe

Knowledge
Index

GDP(US$ BILLIONS)

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Population

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HDI

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Rank /

SECTORAL INDICES

Rank Value

General Enabling Environment

Rank
Value
Rank Value Rank Value
Saudi Arabia Rank Value
Pre-University Education 96 48.4
KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL 91 47.1
Enrolment 106 34.0
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (%) 28 48.3
Gross enrolment ratio, upper secondary (%) 28 53.7
Out-of-school children (%) 110 0.0
Completion 16 85.3
Gross graduation ratio, primary (%) 15 84.2
Gross graduation ratio, upper secondary (%) N/A N/A
Survival rate, last grade of lower secondary (%) 66 86.4
Outcomes 75 21.9
Assessment of 15-year-old students N/A N/A
Assessment of 8th Grade students 49 21.9
EDUCATIONAL ENABLING ENVIRONMENT 97 50.4
Expenditure on Education 66 46.0
Government expenditure, primary (% of GDP) 21 42.8
Government expenditure, secondary (% of GDP) 32 49.3
Expenditure on educational institutions, all levels (%) N/A N/A
Early Childhood Education (ECE) 118 7.9
Gross enrolment ratio, ECE (%) 111 7.9
Grade 1 entrants with ECE (%) N/A N/A
School Environment 7 95.8
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary (HC) 12 95.5
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary (HC) 31 87.8
Trained teachers, primary (%) 1 100.0
Trained teachers, secondary (%) 1 100.0
Saudi Arabia Rank Value
Technical Vocational Education and Training 119 40.3
FORMATION AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 125 23.8
Continuous Training 57 53.0
Extent of staff training 61 50.5
Availability of specialized training services 62 55.5
Firms offering formal training (%) N/A N/A
Educational Structure 129 4.3
Expenditure on non-tertiary vocational education N/A N/A
Enrolment in vocational programmes, secondary (%) 87 8.7
Enrolment in vocational programmes, post-secondary non-tertiary (%) N/A N/A
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary vocational (HC) 81 0.0
FEATURES OF THE LABOR MARKET 31 65.0
Qualifications of the Human Capital 17 72.5
Poor work ethic in the labour force 99 65.8
Availability of skilled employees 62 51.7
Technicians per thousand labour force (HC) 1 100.0
Structure of the Labor Market 123 47.6
Restrictive labour regulations 124 26.7
Labour freedom 37 68.5
Saudi Arabia Rank Value
Higher Education 58 40.3
HIGHER EDUCATION INPUTS 40 48.0
Expenditure N/A N/A
Government expenditure, tertiary (% of GDP) N/A N/A
Government expenditure per student, tertiary (constant PPP$) N/A N/A
Enrolment 82 32.2
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 6 (%) 22 78.0
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 7 (%) 85 12.7
Enrolment in tertiary education, ISCED 8 (%) 83 5.8
Human Resources 47 71.7
Pupil-teacher ratio, tertiary (HC) 78 66.9
Researchers in Higher education (%) 31 76.4
HIGHER EDUCATION OUTPUTS AND QUALITY 72 34.7
Graduation 108 13.2
Graduates, ISCED 6 (%) 86 20.4
Graduates, ISCED 7 (%) 93 4.0
Graduates, ISCED 8 (%) 91 15.2
Employment After Graduation 67 50.5
Labour force with advanced education (%) 44 41.9
Unemployment with advanced education (%) 86 59.2
Quality of Universities 36 47.3
University-industry collaboration in R&D 45 44.6
Number of globally-ranked universities 22 50.0
Competency of Students 50 36.3
Enrolment in globally ranked-universities (% of tertiary students) 49 50.0
Inbound mobility rate (%) 39 22.6

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)
Saudi Arabia Rank Value
Research, Development and Innovation 36 30.2
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 31 33.1
Research and Development Inputs 23 41.3
GERD (% of GDP) 39 19.9
GERD per researcher (constant '000 $PPP) 1 100.0
Researchers per thousand labour force (HC) 49 14.6
Graduates from ICT, Science and Engineering programmes, tertiary (%) 36 31.9
High-technology net imports (% of total trade) 48 29.5
Research and Development Outputs 41 24.8
Average documents per researcher 29 43.9
Citations per document 19 50.4
Citable documents H index 39 18.5
Best scientific journal (SJR ranking) 44 33.3
Quality of scientific research institutions 52 50.7
PCT patents applications (per million inhabitants) 44 4.1
INNOVATION IN PRODUCTION 58 26.9
Inputs of Innovation in Production 92 21.6
GERD performed by business enterprises (% of GDP) N/A N/A
GERD financed by business enterprises (%) N/A N/A
Researchers (HC) in Business enterprise (%) 83 0.7
FDI and technology transfer 38 63.3
Outputs of Innovation in Production 33 30.5
Intellectual property receipts (% of total trade) N/A N/A
Industrial design applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 95 1.0
Production process sophistication 33 60.8
Extent of marketing 50 59.4
SOCIAL INNOVATION 93 25.1
Inputs of Social Innovation 52 32.1
Ease of protecting minority investors 58 58.3
Joint venture per strategic alliance deals 73 5.3
ICT goods imported (% of total imports) 38 34.3
Total computer software spending (% of GDP) 22 37.0
New business density N/A N/A
Outputs of Social Innovation 101 20.4
Trademark applications (per billion PPP$ GDP) 112 2.2
National feature films produced (per million inhabitants) N/A N/A
Printing and publishing manufactures (% of manufactured output) 41 27.9
ICT goods exported (% of total exports) 95 53.7
Saudi Arabia Rank Value
Information and Communications Technology 38 59.2
ICT INPUTS 40 68.1
Infrastructure 61 49.2
Population covered by mobile-cellular networks (%) 59 94.4
International Internet bandwidth per Internet user (Kbit/s) 53 51.1
Secure Internet servers (per million inhabitants) 67 2.2
Sector Competitiveness 24 86.9
ICT Price Basket 21 98.9
Internet and telephony level of competition 1 100.0
Laws relating to ICTs 29 61.9
ICT OUTPUTS 39 55.3
Subscriptions 58 38.1
Fixed-telephone subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 74 20.0
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 13 60.6
Fixed-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 64 23.3
Active mobile-broadband subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 41 48.4
Usage by Individuals 42 72.3
Internet users (%) 44 73.8
Use of virtual social networks 31 84.0
Business-to-consumer Internet use 64 59.1
Usage by Government and Institutions 31 65.8
Firm-level technology absorption 31 68.4
Government Online Service Index 47 67.4
Government success in ICT promotion 9 71.3
Unlicensed software installation rates 39 56.2
Impact on Development 38 47.4
ICT PCT patents, applications (per million inhabitants) 48 10.1
Impact of ICTs on business models 32 67.5
Social impacts of ICT 35 64.8
Saudi Arabia Rank Value
Economy 59 45.0
KNOWLEDGE COMPETITIVENESS 65 51.4
Economic Infrastructure and Competition 50 64.8
Ease of starting a business 111 77.1
Ease of enforcing a contract 80 55.1
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 29 51.2
Logistics Performance Index 50 59.3
Intensity of local competition 39 73.1
Availability of latest technologies 39 72.8
Competitiveness Drivers 89 38.1
Business impact of rules on FDI 109 45.4
FDI, net inflows (% of GDP) 105 39.6
Global Entrepreneurship Index 29 47.2
Investment in telecom services (% of GDP) 95 16.0
Venture capital availability 30 42.3
ECONOMIC OPENNESS 66 33.3
Creative Economy 56 30.0
High-technology net exports (% of total trade) 101 0.8
Creative services' exports (% of total trade in services) N/A N/A
Creative goods' exports (% of total trade in goods) 46 59.2
Trade 79 36.6
Trade (% of GDP) 89 14.7
Prevalence of non-tariff barriers 50 58.5
FINANCING AND VALUE ADDED 52 43.8
Financing and Taxes 36 51.6
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 7 90.7
Soundness of banks 38 74.5
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 59 23.4
Bank deposits to GDP (%) 124 3.7
Domestic Value-added 62 36.0
High-skilled employment (% of total employed people) 52 39.1
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 66 33.0

All values are normalized to a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best)

Rank
Value