Following up on the the improved monitoring framework of the SDG 4 which calls for all indicators to be disaggregated by sex where possible, it is evident that stark disparities between genders in education still prevail. It has become clear that it is no longer sufficient to look at parity in enrolment levels in education as the sole equality indicator, whereas other issues have come to light such as gender steryotypes across professions and the under-representation of women in leadership positions. The Gender Review looks at who should be called to account when gender inequality in education prevails, with a primary focus on governments. Ultimately, recommendations vary from the intricate such as the development of gender-sensitive education sector plans to the most basic such as the provision of all schools with single-sex toilets.