This report aims at critically reviewing major policies and strategies adopted by the selected East Asian economies in fostering and advancing innovational mindset, research and entrepreneurship, particularly with a focus on the role of higher education in promoting innovation. We have selected five cases for review, including Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore and Japan, with particular zero reference to examine the interactions among the state, the universities/research institutes, and the industrial/business sector in promoting innovation.

The first part of this report will briefly outline the past and present of the National Innovation System (NIS) of all the selected cases, followed by a discussion on recent reform or development of their higher education sectors respectively. As for the second part of this report, emphasis will be given to the role of higher education in innovation from a comparative perspective. The discussion would subsequently be followed by an assessment that attempt to draw lessons from these comparable East Asian cases which are both similar and dissimilar in many aspects.