The objective of this report is to contribute towards reducing youth unemployment in Syria and to facilitate young people’s full and productive integration into the labour market. It analyses the main factors that determine school-to-work transition among the youth and explores the characteristics of youth in the different stages of transition and the factors behind easy and difficult transitions into the labour market. The analysis and policy recommendations in this report are based on the outcomes of the School-to-work transition survey (SWTS), conducted in Syria in November 2005. This survey has been developed by the ILO to measure the realities of young people's experience as they enter the labour market. Five target groups were covered by the survey: in-school youth, jobseekers, young employees, young self-employed and own-account workers, and youth who are neither in school nor in the labour market. In addition, the survey included a separate questionnaire that targeted employers and managers of young people. The sample size of the targeted categories was 2,000 individuals. As for the employers and managers survey, a sample of 200 establishments was randomly selected.